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Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in the Management of Phytopathogens

  • Mohammad Zuhaib
  • Shabbir Ashraf
  • Nasreen Musheer
  • Mohd Ali
Chapter

Abstract

Medicinal plants play very crucial role in the life of people, and they are used in official and various traditional systems of medicines throughout the world, benefitting people to prevent disease, maintain health, and cure ailments. Nearly all modern pharmaceuticals are considered to be natural products or derived from plants. Fungal diseases are the major constraints in the profitable cultivation of medicinal plants. Phytopathogenic problem of medicinal plants not only reduces the yield, but it is also responsible for the deterioration of biochemical and secondary metabolites which are of immense therapeutic value. Imprudent use of insecticides, fungicides, agrochemicals, and fertilizers poses serious threat to environment. Scientists have reported various mechanisms regarding plant rhizospheric microbes, i.e., fungi and bacteria, which colonize the roots of plant and thus help the plants in maintaining its health. In the present scenario, rhizospheric microbes (biocontrol agents) have gained popularity due to their effectiveness, safety, and eco-friendliness, and hence their demand has gradually increased. Rhizospheric microbes not only manage plant diseases but at the same time also boost plant growth by different mechanisms. Many scientists have already reported the beneficial role of rhizospheric microbes on the health of various medicinal plants. Research on medicinal plants and rhizospheric microbes is inadequate as far as biotic stresses are concerned. The mechanisms of plant disease management such as mycoparasitism, antibiosis, induced systemic resistance, plant growth promotion, root colonization, siderophore production, phosphate solubilization, etc., have been studied well in reference to medicinal plants. Still due to the distinct features of medicinal plants, future research could be a major breakthrough in the significant increase in the production of medicinal plants.

Keywords

Rhizosphere Medicinal plants Biocontrol agents Disease management Plant growth 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Zuhaib
    • 1
  • Shabbir Ashraf
    • 1
  • Nasreen Musheer
    • 1
  • Mohd Ali
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologySardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutIndia

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