This multi-country study was conducted over the last four years among high school students in Fiji, Vanuatu, Guyana, and Antigua and Barbuda to compare differences and relationships in students’ HIV/AIDS knowledge and HIV/AIDS stigma-related attitudes. As the findings indicated, this study answered all the research questions. The study found that there was need for a revolutionary HIV/AIDS education with a critical pedagogy, and functioning outside the authority structure of the school to address misconceptions of HIV/AIDS, how HIV is not transmitted, and enabling students to develop a human agency; HIV/AIDS education must be inclusive of cultural contexts of stigmatizing behaviors, especially as knowledge by itself does not change human behavior. Factoring the cultural context in stigma-reduction interventions should be mandatory. There was also need for facilitating students’ development as a human agency through the theory of structuration and theory of planned behavior to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma.
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