Observing Nature—What Designers Can Learn from Biologists

  • Shiv Kumar VermaEmail author
  • Ravi Mokashi Punekar
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 135)


Observation is one of the key skills necessary for learning. Observation of natural forms is the starting point for both biologists and designers to gather information in their studies. Later, biologists use this information to classify species, and designers use this information to generate new product forms. This study examines the methods and tools used by biologists and designers to observe natural forms. It also examines the similarities and differences in their approach. The research follows a descriptive methodology with data collected from various sources like published papers, books, and interviews for qualitative analysis. Finally, we propose two approaches inspired from biological studies that may help designers to generate novel product forms inspired by nature.


Nature-inspired design Form generation Observation of nature 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DesignIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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