Advertisement

Socially Constructed Design in Context of Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Home System

  • Brajesh DhimanEmail author
  • Mrinal Krishna Chaudhury
  • Sadhan Mahapatra
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 134)

Abstract

Societal relevance plays an important role in the dissemination of solar photovoltaic home system design in rural context, as it syndicates economic benefits for livelihood improvement along with social and environmental advantage. For socially responsible design, it must cradle design that apprehends and bring positive social change. Furthermore, socially constructed design facilitates the progress of a rural community in a wider context such as upscaling the rural livelihood, generating microenterprise opportunities, etc. Energy poverty is one of the main concerns especially for the development of Northeastern states of India. This creates a disparity, leading to economic backwardness of the region. In this regard, socially constructed energy solutions may emerge as an integral part of growth and development. The noticeable benefits due to the adoption of small-scale solar photovoltaics home system in the social context of rural northeast India studied in this paper. During the field study, it is observed that such approach could overcome present challenges like lack of involvement of local stakeholders and lack of employment-related opportunities necessary to facilitate the diffusion of solar photovoltaics home system to the rural household. As a result, socially constructed energy solutions can become a part of the rural development promoting local self-reliance. In addition, this may facilitate dissemination of renewable energy technologies along with socioeconomic development of the rural community in the region.

Keywords

Solar photovoltaic home system Socially constructed design Productive use of energy Technology dissemination Decentralized technology 

References

  1. 1.
    International Energy Agency: World Energy Outlook 2015. www.worldenergyoutlook.org/ (visited on 20/4/2016)
  2. 2.
    Government of India Data: https://community.data.gov.in/un-electrified-villages-as-on-31-05-2015/ (visited on 20/4/2016)
  3. 3.
    Bhattacharjee, S.: Energy and Power in Northeast India. Mittal Publications, New Delhi (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Palit, D.: Solar energy programs for rural electrification: experiences and lessons from South Asia. Energy Sustain. Dev. 17(3), 270–279 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chakrabarti, S., Chakrabarti, S.: Rural electrification programme with solar energy in remote region-a case study in an island. Energy Policy 30(1), 33–42 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Imai, K., Palit, D.: Impacts of electrification with renewable energies on local economies: the case of India’s rural areas. Int. J. Environ. Sustain. 9(2), 1–18 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cabraal, R.A., Barnes, D.F., Agarwal, S.G.: Productive uses of energy for rural development. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 30, 117–144 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kang, L.: Social design as a creative device in developing countries: the case of a handcraft pottery community in Cambodia. Int. J. Des. 10(3), 65–74 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dhiman, B., Chaudhury, M.K., Deb, S.K., Chakrabarti, D.: Micro solar energy systems: product design intervention facilitating sustainable development for rural north east India. In: International Conference on Research into Design, pp. 117–125. Springer, Singapore (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reinders, A.H., Diehl, J.C., Brezet, H. (eds.): The Power of Design: Product Innovation in Sustainable Energy Technologies. Wiley, USA (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Diehl, J.C., Verschelling, J.: Case G: From participatory design to market introduction of a solar light for the BoP market. Power Des. Prod. Innov. Sustain. Energy Technol. 317–326 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Peters, J., Sievert, M.: Impacts of rural electrification revisited—the African context. J. Dev. Effectiveness 8(3), 327–345 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Barron, M., Torero, M.: Household electrification and indoor air pollution. J. Environ. Econ. Manage. 86, 81–92 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Samad, H.A., Khandker, S., Asaduzzaman, M., Yunusd, M.: The benefits of solar home systems: an analysis from Bangladesh. The World Bank, USA (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Epstein, M.B., Bates, M.N., Arora, N.K., Balakrishnan, K., Jack, D.W., Smith, K.R.: Household fuels, low birth weight, and neonatal death in India: the separate impacts of biomass, kerosene, and coal. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 216(5), 523–532 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hannum, E., Buchmann, C.: Global educational expansion and socio-economic development: an assessment of findings from the social sciences. World Dev. 33(3), 333–354 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Khandker, S.R., Barnes, D.F., Samad, H.A.: The welfare impacts of rural electrification in Bangladesh. Energy J. 187–206 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Van de Walle, D.P., Ravallion, M., Mendiratta, V., Koolwal, G.B.: Long-term impacts of household electrification in rural India. The World Bank, USA (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ahammed, F., Taufiq, D.A.: Applications of solar PV on rural development in Bangladesh. J. Rural Community Dev. 3(1) (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dinkelman, T.: The effects of rural electrification on employment: new evidence from South Africa. Am. Econ. Rev. 101(7), 3078–3108 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rud, J.P.: Electricity provision and industrial development: evidence from India. J. Dev. Econ. 97(2), 352–367 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Grogan, L., Sadanand, A.: Rural electrification and employment in poor countries: evidence from Nicaragua. World Dev. 43, 252–265 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kabir, E., Kim, K.H., Szulejko, J.E.: Social impacts of solar home systems in rural areas: a case study in bangladesh. Energies 10(10), 1615 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mala, K., Schläpfer, A., Pryor, T.: Better or worse? The role of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in sustainable development: case studies of remote atoll communities in Kiribati. Renew. Energy 34(2), 358–361 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brajesh Dhiman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mrinal Krishna Chaudhury
    • 2
  • Sadhan Mahapatra
    • 3
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DesignIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.Assam Energy Development AgencyGuwahatiIndia
  3. 3.Department of EnergyTezpur UniversityTezpurIndia

Personalised recommendations