Inclusive Education in Japan: Current Trends and Teachers’ View

  • Hiroko Furuta


This chapter includes current trends toward development of an inclusive education system in Japan. Findings from an analysis of a case of Development of Inclusive Education System (DIES) model project in a city are described as follows. First, the project focused on developing an organizational structure and ways to establish collaboration between related personnel. Second, the DIES model project became activated by putting a reasonable accommodation (RA) coordinator into each middle school area. Third, it was revealed that the majority of teachers who participated in the project saw changes implemented by the DIES project rather positively and also some of them clearly recognized the significance of inclusive education both for students with and without disabilities especially for understanding the diversity of people in society. However, it was suggested that they were not confident of providing reasonable accommodation to students with special needs. Finally, it was concluded that efforts were insufficient to encourage teachers under the DIES model project to understand inclusive education from various aspects of education in their areas.


Inclusive education system Japan Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities Reasonable accommodation coordinators Teachers’ ideas 



Special thanks go to the Education Board, teachers and RA coordinators in Yamaga city, Kumamoto prefecture. The author would like to thank Prof. Nariki Ohsugi, Kogakkan University with whom interviews with the RA coordinators were conducted. The author also would like to extend her gratitude to Dr. Adrian Yap Yei Mian, former graduate student of Waseda University and Prof. Kazuo Kuroda of the same for inviting me to join part of the research project.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroko Furuta
    • 1
  1. 1.Kumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan

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