Preparation and Oxidation Behavior of SiO2/SiC Coating on Braided Carbon Fiber

  • Aiming Bu
  • Yongfu Zhang
  • Yuping Zhang
  • Weiwei ChenEmail author
  • Huanwu Cheng
  • Lu Wang
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 216)


People pay more attention to improving the high-temperature oxidation resistance of carbon fiber in aerobic environment. In this study, we proposed a novel method to overcome these critical problems. SiO2/SiC coating was successfully prepared on braided carbon fiber surface by electrolytic plasma spraying. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results showed the changes of surface morphology and surface composition by depositing the coatings, respectively. The energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was employed for identifying the elemental composition of the deposited coating. Thermogravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) results revealed that the high-temperature oxidation stability of the coated braided carbon fiber was significantly improved.



We thank Dr. Maoyuan Li and Dr. Lin Lu for helpful discussions.


  1. 1.
    M. Ghanbarian, E.T. Nassaj, A. Kariminejad, Synthesis of nanostructural turbostratic and hexagonal boron nitride coatings on carbon fiber cloths by dip-coating. Surf. Coat. Technol. 288, 185–195 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Kim, Y.C. Jung, S.Y. Kim, B.J. Yang, J. Kim, Adhesion enhancement and damage protection for carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites via silica particle coating. Compos. Part A 109, 105–114 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y.Q. Wang, B.L. Zhou, Z.M. Wang, Oxidation protection of carbon-fibers by coatings. Carbon 33, 427–433 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K.D. Xia, C.X. Lu, Y. Yang, Preparation of anti-oxidative SiC/SiO2 coating on carbon fibers from vinytriethoxysilane by sol-gel method. Appl. Surf. Sci. 265, 603–609(2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Wu, L. Ma, L. Liu, Y. Wang, F. Xie, Z. Zhong, M. Zhao, B. Jiang, Y. Huang, Interface enhancement of carbon fiber reinforced methylphenylsilicone resin composites modified with silanized carbon nanotubes. Mater. Des. 89, 1343–1349 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.J. Wang, W.S. Lin, X. Wu, Y.Y. Yang, F. Wu, X.Z. Yan, Preparation and oxidation behavior of a double-layer coating for three-dimensional braided carbon fiber. Surf. Coat. Technol. 298, 58–63 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.F. Tang, C.L. Hu, Design, preparation and properties of carbon fiber reinforced ultra-high temperature ceramic composites for aerospace applications: a review. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 33, 117–130 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Naslain, Design, preparation and properties of non-oxide CMCs for application in engines and nuclear reactors: an overview. Compos. Sci. Technol. 64, 155–170 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Niu, H. Wang, J. Wen et al., Preparation and anti-oxidation properties of Si(O)C coated carbon-bonded carbon fiber composites. RSC Adv 5(65), 52347–52354 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Du, C.Q. Hong, X.H. Zhang, A.Z. Wang, Y.Q. Sun, Ablation behavior of advanced TaSi2-based coating on carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite/ceramic insulation tile in plasma wind tunnel. Ceram. Int. 44, 3505–3510 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Alonso, I. Fagoaga, P. Oregui, Erosion protection of carbon—epoxy composites by plasma-sprayed coatings. Surf. Coat. Technol. 49, 482–488 (1991) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Lopera-Valle, A. McDonald, Application of flame-sprayed coatings as heating elements for polymer-based composite structures. J. Therm. Spray Technol. 24, 1289–1301 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.F. Ma, W.F. Fu, Y.Q. Meng, Z.Q. Yu, S. Cai, B.B. Niu, “Electrochemical” growth of ZnO coating on carbon fiber. Mater. Chem. Phys. 171, 22–26 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Pillai, N. Batra, L.M. Manocha, N. Machinewala, Deposition of silicon carbide interface coating on carbon fibre by PECVD for advanced composites. Surf. Interfaces 7, 113–115 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Wang, X.G. Diao, A.P. Huang, P.K. Chu, Z. Wu, Influence of substrate bias on the composition of SiC thin films fabricated by PECVD and underlying mechanism. Surf. Coat. Technol. 201, 6777–6780 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. Bertrand, M. Vidal-Setif, R. Mevrel, LPCVD pyrocarbon coating on unidirectional carbon fiber yarns: an efficient interphase for aluminium matrix composites. J. Phys. 5(5), 769–776 (1995)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H.J. Yuan, C.X. Lu, S.C. Zhang, G.P. Wu, Preparation and characterization of a polyimide coating on the surface of carbon fibers. New. Carbon. Mater. 30(2), 115–121(2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Kariminejad, E. Taheri-Nassaj, M. Ghanbarian, S.A. Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi, Effects of PACVD parameters including pulsed direct current and deposition time on nanostructured carbon coating deposited on carbon fiber fabrics. Mater. Des. 106, 184–194 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.A. Montes-Morán, F.W.J.V. Hattum, J.P. Nunes, A. Martínez-Alonso, J.M.D. Tascóna, C.A. Bernardo, A study of the effect of plasma treatment on the interfacial properties of carbon fibre-thermoplastic composites. Carbon 43, 1795–1799 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E.I. Meletis, X. Nie, F.L. Wang, J.C. Jiang, Electrolytic plasma processing for cleaning and metal-coating of steel surfaces. Surf. Coat. Technol. 150, 246–256 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.D. Lin, C.M. Hsu, C.K. Chen, D.Y. Huang, T.P. Hung, J.H. Kuang, Stainless steel surface etching morphologies using electro plasma technology. Adv. Sci. Lett. 13, 178–182 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Lupoi, W. O’Neill, Deposition of metallic coatings on polymer surfaces using cold spray. Surf. Coat. Technol. 205, 2167–2173 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Rezzoug, S. Abdi, A. Kaci, M. Yandouzi, Thermal spray metallisation of carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites: effect of top surface modification on coating adhesion and mechanical properties. Surf. Coat. Technol. 333, 13–23 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aiming Bu
    • 1
  • Yongfu Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuping Zhang
    • 1
  • Weiwei Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huanwu Cheng
    • 1
  • Lu Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations