Conflict in South Sudanese Communities Living in Australia
Does the experience of conflict and communication styles about conflict vary within different places? So far, little attention has been devoted to the effect of the role of place on both conflict and communication. Focusing on three stories from South Sudanese communities in Australia—namely, cyberbullying, family relationships and parenting challenges—‘Conflict in South Sudanese communities’ assesses the interconnections among place, conflict and communication. For this purpose, narrative analysis of in-depth interview data is used to explore the connection and dynamics between place and conflict, and how this is perceived and communicated. The findings highlight how place provides the context in which conflict is expressed, and potentially mediated and resolved, through communication, and how place impacts on the emotional and communicative patterns of conflicting parties.
KeywordsCommunication Conflict Family Refugees Relationships South Sudan
- Ataca, B., & Berry, J. W. (2002, February). Psychological, sociocultural, and marital adaptation of Turkish immigrant couples in Canada. International Journal of Psychology, 37(1), 13–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207590143000135.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2016). 3412.0—Migration, Australia, 2015–2016. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/mf/3412.0.
- Berk, S. F., & Loseke, D. R. (1980). ‘Handling’ family violence: Situational determinants of police arrest in domestic disturbances. Law and Society Review, 317–346. https://doi.org/10.2307/3053608.
- Berry, J. W., Kim, U., Minde, T., & Mok, D. (1987, Autumn). Comparative studies of acculturative stress. International Migration Review, 21(3), 491–511. https://doi.org/10.2307/2546607.
- Bonanno, R. A., & Hymel, S. (2013, May). Cyberbullying and internalizing difficulties: Above and beyond the impact of traditional forms of bullying. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(5), 685–697. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9937-1.
- Brislin, R., Lorner, W., & Thorndike, R. (1973). Cross-cultural research methods. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Bruner, J. (2004). Life as narrative. Social Research: An International Quarterly, 71(3), 691–710.Google Scholar
- Cha, E. S., Kim, K. H., & Erlen, J. A. (2007, May). Translation of scales in cross‐cultural research: Issues and techniques. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 58(4), 386–395. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04242.x.
- Darvishpour, M. (2002, Spring). Immigrant women challenge the role of men: How the changing power relationship within Iranian families in Sweden intensifies family conflicts after immigration. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 33(2), 271–296.Google Scholar
- Dhanji, S. (2009, December). Welcome or unwelcome? Integration issues and the resettlement of former refugees from the Horn of Africa and Sudan in metropolitan Melbourne. The Australasian Review of African Studies, 30(2), 152–179.Google Scholar
- Ebbeck, M. A., & Cerna, C. H. D. (2007, April). A study of child rearing practices amongst selected, Sudanese families in South Australia: Implications for child care service selection. Early Childhood Education Journal, 34(5), 307–314. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-006-0129-4.
- Flores, E., Tschann, J. M., VanOss Marin, B., & Pantoja, P. (2004, February). Marital conflict and acculturation among Mexican American husbands and wives. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.39.
- Gergen, M. M., & Gergen, K. J. (1993). Narratives of the gendered body in popular autobiography. In R. Josselson & A. Lieblich (Eds.), The narrative study of lives (Vol. 1, pp. 191–218). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Grotberg, E. H. (1996). Resilience and culture/ethnicity. Examples from Sudan, Namibia, and Armenia. Paper presented at the annual conference of the International Council of Psychologists, Padua, Italy.Google Scholar
- Hebbani, A., Obijiofor, L., & Bristed, H. (2010). Intercultural communication challenges confronting female Sudanese former refugees in Australia. The Australasian Review of African Studies, 31(1), 37–61.Google Scholar
- Hyman, I., Guruge, S., & Mason, R. (2008, Spring). The impact of migration on marital relationships: A study of Ethiopian immigrants in Toronto. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 39(2), 149–163.Google Scholar
- Khawaja, N. G., & Milner, K. (2012, September). Acculturation stress in South Sudanese refugees: Impact on marital relationships. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36(5), 624–636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.03.007.
- Lovell, M. L., Tran, T., & Nguyen, C. D. (1987, October). Refugee women: Lives in transition. International Social Work, 30(4), 317–325. https://doi.org/10.1177/002087288703000405.
- Morrison, M., & James, S. (2009, March). Portuguese immigrant families: The impact of acculturation. Family Process, 48(1), 151–166. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2009.01273.x.
- Murray, S., & Powell, A. (2009, May). ‘What’s the problem?’ Australian public policy constructions of domestic and family violence. Violence Against Women, 15(5), 532–552. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801209331408.
- Nilsson, J. E., Brown, C., Russell, E. B., & Khamphakdy-Brown, S. (2008, November). Acculturation, partner violence, and psychological distress in refugee women from Somalia. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(11), 1654–1663. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260508314310.
- Noret, N., & Rivers, I. (2006, April). The prevalence of bullying by text message or email: Results of a four year study. Poster presented at the annual conference of the British Psychological Society, Cardiff, UK.Google Scholar
- Oliver, C., & Candappa, M. (2003). Tackling bullying: Listening to the views of children and young people. Nottingham, UK: Department for Education and Skills (DFES).Google Scholar
- Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Poppitt, G., & Frey, R. (2007, December). Sudanese adolescent refugees: Acculturation and acculturative stress. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 17(2), 160–181.Google Scholar
- Raskauskas, J., & Stoltz, A. D. (2007, May). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 564–575. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.524.
- Renner, W., & Salem, I. (2009, March). Post-traumatic stress in asylum seekers and refugees from Chechnya, Afghanistan, and West Africa: Gender differences in symptomatology and coping. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 55(2), 99–108. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764008092341.
- Sandelowski, M. (1991, September). Telling stories: Narrative approaches in qualitative research. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 23(3), 161–166. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.1991.tb00662.x.
- Schweitzer, R., Melville, F., Steel, Z., & Lacherez, P. (2006, February). Trauma, post-migration living difficulties, and social support as predictors of psychological adjustment in resettled Sudanese refugees. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40(2), 179–187. https://doi.org/10.1080/j.1440-1614.2006.01766.x.
- Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008, April). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01846.x.
- Tempany, M. (2009, June). What research tells us about the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Sudanese refugees: A literature review. Transcultural Psychiatry, 46(2), 300–315. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461509105820.
- Tilden, V. P., Schmidt, T., Limandri, B. J., Chiodo, G. T., Garland, M. J., & Loveless, P. A. (1994, April). Factors that influence clinicians’ assessment and management of family violence. American Journal of Public Health, 84(4), 628–633.Google Scholar
- Westoby, P. R. (2006). The sociality of healing: Engaging Southern Sudanese refugees resettling in an Australian context: A model of social healing (Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy thesis). School of Political Science and International Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:158240.
- Widdershoven, G. A. M. (1993). The story of life: Hermeneutic perspectives on the relationship between narrative and life history. In R. Josselson & A. Lieblich (Eds.), The narrative study of lives (Vol. 1, pp. 1–20). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Wille, J. (2011). Agency and belonging: Southern Sudanese former refugees’ reflections on life in Australia. The Australasian Review of African Studies, 32(2), 80–100.Google Scholar