Dynamic Characterization of Soils Using Various Methods for Seismic Site Response Studies

  • Pradeep Kumar Dammala
  • A. Murali KrishnaEmail author
Part of the Developments in Geotechnical Engineering book series (DGE)


Seismic analysis of structures will not be complete without a proper investigation of underlying soil behavior to dynamic loading. Such dynamic behavior is complex in nature due to many influencing parameters. The complex dynamic soil behavior can be represented using the strength and stiffness properties such as low-strain shear modulus (Gmax), modulus ratio (G/Gmax), and damping ratio (D) variation with shear strain along with the liquefaction potential of soils. Several field and laboratory element testing techniques are available for assessing the behavior of soils to dynamic loads. This article describes some of the widely used field and laboratory testing techniques for the dynamic investigations of soils. Typical results using each test are also provided for easy and comprehensive understanding to the reader. Analytical formulations based on the experimental results were provided and the present experimental data is compared with the data of Indian sandy soils from the literature. Furthermore, a seismic ground response study has been performed to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed formulations.


Dynamic soil properties Maximum shear modulus Damping ratio Field tests Laboratory element tests Analytical formulations Ground response analysis 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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