Extensive Simulation Analysis of TCP Variants for Wireless Communication

  • Amol P. PandeEmail author
  • S. R. Devane
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 969)


Since from last decade, there is significant growth in using the wireless networking based communications. The applications like video streaming, audio streaming, and file transfers need the huge bandwidth for wireless data transfer processing. Integrating the higher delay and channel error based wireless networks with the conventional wired networks poses the significant problems to the research group. For wireless networks, the first challenge is consolidating the end to end congestion control. To achieve the congestion control in wireless networks, TCP is the most commonly suggested congestion control method. The TCP protocol was initially designed and used on the wired networks, later the issues of compatibility necessitate its use over wireless networks like MANET, WSN etc. However using the TCP in dynamic wireless networks effectively is a challenging research problem. The wireless network is dynamic in nature without any fixed topology and infrastructure with various data applications. The TCP protocol required to cope up with the mobility and high dynamics of wireless networks. There are several TCP variants reported for wireless networks, in this paper we present the analysis of five such TCP protocols with various wireless communication scenarios. We present the working and evaluation of TCP variants ranging from traditional to recent such as New-Reno, Vegas, Sack, Cubic, and FNC. The simulation results for different network conditions claims the current research problems and future roadmap in the design of TCP protocol for wireless networks.


Wired network Wireless network TCP protocol Congestion control Congestion window (CWND) Mobility Round Trip Time (RTT) 


  1. 1.
    Allman, M., Paxson, V., Stevens, W.: TCP Congestion Control. RFC2581, April 1999Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Francis, B., Narasimhan, V., Nayak, A., Stojmenovic, I.: Techniques for enhancing TCP performance in wireless networks. In: 9th Workshop on Wireless Ad hoc and Sensor Networks (in 32nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems) (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lai, C., Leung, K., Li, V.O.K.: Enhancing wireless TCP: a serialized timer approach. In: Proceedings of the IEEE INFOCOM (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lin, X., Stojmenovic, I.: Location-based localized alternate, disjoint and multi-path routing algorithms for wireless networks. J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 63(1), 22–32 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Long, W., Zhenkai, W.: Performance analysis of improved TCP over wireless networks. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer Modeling and Simulation, pp. 239–242 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jacobson, V.: Congestion avoidance and control. 18(4), 314–329 (1988). Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brakmo, L.S., O’Malley, S., Peterson, L.L.: TCP vegas: new techniques for congestion detection and avoidance. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM, pp. 24–35, October 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Henderson, T., et al.: Request for comments 6582 - the New Reno modification to TCP’s fast recovery algorithm. University of Oulu, April 2012. <>
  9. 9.
    Mathis, M., et al.: Request for comments 2883 - an extension to the selective acknowledgement (SACK) option for TCP. Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, July 2012. <>
  10. 10.
    Rhee, I., Xu, L.: CUBIC: A new TCP-friendly high-speed TCP variant (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sun, J., Zhang, Y., Tang, D., Zhang, S., Zhao, Z., Ci, S.: TCP-FNC: a novel TCP with network coding for wireless networks. In: IEEE ICC 2015 - Wireless Communication SymposiumGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Srinivas, K., Chari, A.A., Kasiviswanath, N.: Updated congestion control algorithm for TCP throughput improvement in wired cum wireless networks. Glob. J. Comput. Sci. Technol. January 2010Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DMCEUniversity of MumbaiMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations