Discrepancy Reduction: Conducting Focus Group with Senior Citizens in Hong Kong

  • Yuen Hang NgEmail author


Despite numerous qualitative studies conducted in the aging context (e.g., Goulding in The Gerontologist 53:1009–1019, 2012; Kania-Lundholm and Torres in J Aging Stud 35:26–36, 2015), the discussion of discrepancies and corresponding solutions for reducing them has been trivial (Olson in Essentials of qualitative interviewing. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA, 2011). The limited available literature provides only a general discussion of interviews with older adults (Olson in Essentials of qualitative interviewing. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA, 2011; Wenger in Handbook of interview research: Context & method. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp 259–279, 2002). This chapter aims to enrich and elaborate on the information in this area by identifying discrepancies in age, gender, and education from the perspective of discrepancy theory and discussing the corresponding reduction of the discrepancy. In the study detailed in this chapter, a number of aging discrepancies, such as the wording of expressions, were solved by asking participants what they would like to be called. Some gender discrepancies involving arguments arising from the refusal to accept various viewpoints were addressed by emphasizing respect for various views. Educational discrepancies related to the participants’ concerns for their ability were reduced by empowering the participants by providing them with example questions and support. The following section details discrepancy theory.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social ScienceChinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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