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Surgical Procedure for Deep Brain Stimulation Implantation and Operative Phase with Postoperative Risks

  • Robert LeMoyne
  • Timothy Mastroianni
  • Donald Whiting
  • Nestor Tomycz
Chapter
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 31)

Abstract

The surgical procedure for instilling a deep brain stimulation system is an incredibly serious endeavor. A multiphase approach is applied for the implantation of the deep brain stimulation system, such as neurosurgery to position the electrodes and other surgical techniques to implant other aspects of the system. The quality of the surgical procedure can ensure against complication risks, such as infection and hemorrhaging. Electromagnetic interaction can pose hazards to the patient. However, the benefit of noninvasive imaging through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) transcends the risk in light of the proper safety procedures. Other considerations involve the neurological and neuropsychological effects during the operation of the deep brain stimulation system. By addressing these concerns, a more comprehensive risk to benefit perspective can be established. Finally, a surgical procedure instilled at an internationally renowned hospital is presented. The actual parameter configuration tuning process advocated by the internationally renowned hospital is further discussed.

Keywords

Surgical implantation Deep brain stimulation Electrode Implantable pulse generator Globus pallidus internal segment Subthalamic nucleus Surgical risk Energy interaction Neurological effects Neuropsychological effects 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert LeMoyne
    • 1
  • Timothy Mastroianni
    • 2
  • Donald Whiting
    • 3
  • Nestor Tomycz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Bioengineering InnovationNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaffUSA
  2. 2.IndependentPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurosurgery Allegheny General HospitalAllegheny Health Network Neuroscience InstitutePittsburghUSA

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