Tire Properties for Wandering and Vehicle Pull

  • Yukio NakajimaEmail author


Wandering is a phenomenon of handling pull in straight driving due to the road slope, wheel track unevenness, rain grooves or road roughness.


  1. 1.
    O. Yashima, T. Shiraishi, Improvement of wandering performance by investigation into characteristics of tires. Tire Sci. Technol. 17(3), 175–183 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Kato, T. Haraguchi, Improvement on steering pull during braking on rutted road. JSAE Rev. 17, 65–77 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Koike, M. Nagai, Study on wandering phenomenon along the wheel tracks on damaged road-1st report: stability analysis by characteristic equation, in JSAE Conference, No. 912161 (1991) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Nagai, K. Koike, Study on wandering phenomenon along the wheel tracks on damaged road—2nd report: theoretical analysis considering steering system, in JSAE Conference, No. 921025 (1992) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Nagai, K. Koike, Analysis on wandering phenomenon of vehicles influenced by damaged road cross profiles. SAE Paper, No. 931910 (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Kageyama et al., A study on motion characteristics of heavy duty vehicles on damaged road, in JSAE Conference, No. 9932908 (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Kobayashi et al., Improvement method for vehicle stability on wheel tracks, in JSAE Conference, No. 9949701 (1999) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Sasaki et al., Analysis of wandering phenomenon in trucks, in JSAE Conference, No. 9305544 (1993) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Okano, K. Ishikawa, Effect of tire cornering properties on vehicle handling and stability, in Symposium of Automotive Engineers of Japan, No. 9631182 (1996)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.D. Tarpinian, E.H. Culp, The effect of pavement grooves on the ride of passenger cars—the role of tires. SAE Paper, No. 770869 (1977)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Doi, K. Ikeda, Effect of tire tread pattern on groove wander of motorcycles. Tire Sci. Technol. 13, 147 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Nakajima, Prediction of rain groove wandering. Technical report in Bridgestone Corporation (1981)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Nakajima, Prediction of rain groove wandering. Vehicle Sys. Dyn. 40(6), 401–418 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Mundl et al., Virtual pattern optimization based on performance prediction tools. Tire Sci. Technol. 36(3), 192–210 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.M. Peters, Application of the lateral Stress theory of groove wander prediction using finite element analysis. Tire Sci. Technol. 29, 244–257 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Mundl et al., Simulation and validation of the ply steer residual aligning torque induced by the tyre tread pattern. Veh. Sys. Dyn. 43(Supplement), 434–443 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Seta et al., Hydroplaning analysis by FEM and FVM: effect of tire rolling and tire pattern on hydroplaning. Tire Sci. Technol. 28(3), 140–156 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.G. Pottinger, Pull: the science of a nuisance. Tire Sci. Technol. 41(1), 40–59 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.W. Topping, Tire induced steering pull. SAE Paper, No. 750406 (1975)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.G. Pottinger, Ply steer in radial carcass tires. SAE Paper, No. 760731 (1976)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.W. Bert, Simplified prediction of ply steer in radial tires. Tire Sci. Technol. 8(1–2), 3–9 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. Kabe, On influence of tire construction on tire straight line stability. JARI Res. J. 13(9), 327–337 (1991). in JapaneseGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Kabe, T. Morikawa, A new tire construction which reduces plysteer. Tire Sci. Technol. 19(1), 37–65 (1991)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Sakai, Tire Engineering. Guranpuri-Shuppan (1987) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F.E. Matyja, Steering pull and residual aligning torque. Tire Sci. Technol. 19(1), 207–240 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Murakoshi et al., An approach to vehicle pull using a tire finite element model. Tire Sci. Technol. 20(4), 212–229 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.H. Thompson, Tire tread to compensate residual aligning torque. European Patent: EP0605841A1, 1993Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Yamazaki, Vehicle drift phenomena. JARI Res. J. 18(1), 3–10 (1996). in JapaneseGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S.H. Koehne et al., Evaluation of tire tread and body interaction in the contact patch. Tire Sci. Technol. 31(3), 159–172 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Mori, T. Yonekawa, Development of simulation system on vehicle dynamics control, in JSAE Conference, No. 90228 (1990)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Yamada, T. Haraguchi, Analysis of vehicle drift on the Cant road. JSAE J. 49(12), 65–70 (1995)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    H.J. Yu, Tire/suspension aligning moment and vehicle pull. Tire Sci. Technol. 28(3), 157–177 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.-H. Oh et al., Identification of a vehicle pull mechanism, in FISITA World Automotive Congress 2000, No. F2000G353, Seoul (2000)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    K. Ohishi et al., The Finite element approach to predict the plysteer residual cornering force of tires. Tire Sci. Technol. 30(2), 122–133 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H.B. Pacejka, Tyre and Vehicle Dynamics (Butterworth Heinemann, 2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, School of Advanced EngineeringKogakuin UniversityHachiojiJapan

Personalised recommendations