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Tire Noise

  • Yukio NakajimaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Tire/road noise consists of noise due to tire surface vibration and noise related to aerodynamics. The former noise is usually explained by three elements, namely the external force applied to a tire, vibration properties of the tire and the acoustic field relating to the tire surface and road surface. The external force includes the tread impact associated with the lateral grooves and road roughness. The surface vibration of a tire is calculated by multiplying external forces by the tire’s vibration properties expressed by a transfer function. Tire/road radiation noise is then calculated by surface vibration via the Helmholtz equation [i.e., employing the boundary element method (BEM)]. The most important element for tire noise is the external force because other elements may not be controlled by tire design without deteriorating other tire performances. The external force due to lateral grooves is estimated by using a phenomenological model that uses the contact shape, pattern geometry and contact pressure or by conducting FEA. Meanwhile, the external force due to road roughness is estimated by measuring the spindle force of a tire rolling over a simple roughness and conducting contact analysis employing a Winker model with nonlinear contact stiffness or FEA. The vibration properties of a tire can be predicted by conducting FEA or using an elastic ring model. In pattern design, the phenomenological model is used as a design tool to determine the pattern geometry, and the pitch sequence is optimized by a GA. The Helmholtz resonator may be added to the circumferential grooves to reduce the pipe resonance noise. Furthermore, the special wheel or sound-absorbing material may be used to reduce the acoustic cavity noise.

Supplementary material

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, School of Advanced EngineeringKogakuin UniversityHachiojiJapan

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