A Comprehensive Review on Automatic Diagnosis of Diabetic Maculopathy in Retinal Fundus Images

  • I. S. Rajesh
  • M. A. Bharathi
  • Bharati M. Reshmi
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 968)


Diabetic Maculopathy (DM) is one of the major problems of diabetes mellitus and it is one of the key reasons for the vision problem. It arises due to the leakage of blood from injured retinal veins. The development of DM is moderate and soundless and it is found in 10% of the world diabetic population. If diabetic maculopathy is not noticed in the underlying stage the effect this on macula is irreversible and can prompt vision loss. Therefore, screening of diabetic eye helps in finding diabetic maculopathy at the beginning stage which prevents the vision loss. In this review paper, the anatomy of the human eye and a brief overview of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic maculopathy is presented. The literature review of various methods/techniques used for detection of DM in retinal fundus images and the performance metrics used to measure these methods are discussed in details. Issues involved in DM detection are also mentioned in this paper.


Retinopathy (DR) Diabetic maculopathy (DM) Optic disc (OD) Hard exudates (HEs) Blood vessels (BVs) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Rajesh
    • 1
  • M. A. Bharathi
    • 1
  • Bharati M. Reshmi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CSEBMSIT & MBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Information Science and EngineeringBECBagalkotIndia

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