Theoretical Basis

  • Xiangang LuoEmail author


This chapter first describes the theories and laws in classic optics, and highlights their drawbacks and challenges in engineering applications. Then the macroscopic and microscopic theories of meta-surface-waves are presented as a cornerstone of EO 2.0. Subsequently, the generalized theories and laws of diffraction, reflection and refraction, absorption, and radiation are discussed in detail.


Snell’s law Fresnel’s equations Diffraction limit Generalized laws of reflection and refraction 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Optical Technologies on Nano-Fabrication and Micro-Engineering, Institute of Optics and ElectronicsChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina

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