P-TORA: A TORA Modification Under TCP E2E-NewReno Model

  • Radhika PatelEmail author
  • Bimal Patel
  • Sandip Patel
  • Amit Parmar
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 958)


Mobile Ad-hoc network, generally recognized as MANET is a non-wired, self-reliant and multi-hop network comprising of portable nodes that acts like a router in the network-system. It is a dynamic network having no central control. Evaluating the performance of MANET routing protocol is a present research topic. Reactive type of MANET routing protocol is popularly used nowadays because of the amenities provided by them. TORA (Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm) is on-demand (Reactive) protocol. It is highly adaptive, multihop and the best for dense networks. This paper describes MANET along with the detailed study of TORA and the Proposed TORA protocol with some modifications in Original TORA. The modifications are done using TCP E2E New Reno operating model with the intention to enhance the performance of Original TORA. The new protocol was born and the name given is P-TORA. NS2 (Network Simulator 2) is a simulation tool used for measuring the performance of TORA and P-TORA in the MANET.


Mobile Adhoc networks Reactive routing Proactive routing Hybrid protocols TORA TCP E2E New Reno P-TORA Energy consumption PDR NS2 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radhika Patel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bimal Patel
    • 1
  • Sandip Patel
    • 1
  • Amit Parmar
    • 1
  1. 1.Charusat UniversityAnandIndia

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