This chapter explicates the conceptual framework of the current research, on the basis of the previous background chapters. According to the research purpose, the theoretical background of the whole study, the relevant operational definitions, and hypotheses are described. Finally, the conceptual framework is generalized to facilitate the research design.


  1. Antonucci, T. C., & Akiyama, H. (1987a). An examination of sex differences in social support in mid and late life. Sex Roles, 17(11), 737–749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonucci, T. C., & Akiyama, H. (1987b). Social networks in adult life and a preliminary examination of the convoy model. Journal of Gerontology, 42(5), 519–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antonucci, T. C., & Akiyama, H. (1995). Convoys of social relations: Family and friendships within a life span context. In R. Blieszner & V. H. Bedford (Eds.), Handbook of ageing and the family (pp. 355–371). Westport, CT: Praeger Publisers.Google Scholar
  4. Antonucci, T. C., Fiori, K. L., Birditt, K., & Jackey, L. M. (2010). Convoys of social relations: Integrating life-span and life-course perspectives. In R. M. Lerner, M. E. Lamb, & A. M. Freund (Eds.), The handbook of life-span development (Vol. 2, pp. 434–473). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Ben-Zur, H. (2002). Coping, affect and aging: The roles of mastery and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(2), 357–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berges, I. M., Dallo, F., DiNuzzo, A., Lackan, N., & Weller, S. C. (2006). Social support: A cultural model. Human Organization, 65(4), 420–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Blanchard-Fields, F., & Irion, J. C. (1988). Coping strategies from the perspective of two developmental markers: Age and social reasoning. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 149(2), 141–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cantor, M. H. (1979). Neighbors and friends: An overlooked resource in the informal support system. Research on Aging, 1(4), 434–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cantor, M. H. (1991). Family and community: Changing roles in an aging society. The Gerontologist, 31(3), 337–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carstensen, L. L. (1992). Social and emotional patterns in adulthood: Support for socioemotional selectivity theory. Psychology and Aging, 7(3), 331–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carstensen, L. L., Isaacowitz, D. M., & Charles, S. T. (1999). Taking time seriously: A theory of socioemotional selectivity. American Psychologist, 54(3), 165–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cumming, M. E. (1964). New thoughts on the theory of disengagement. New Thoughts on Old Age (pp. 3–18). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dennis, C. L. (2003). Peer support within a health care context: A concept analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 40(3), 321–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Depner, C. E., & Ingersoll-Dayton, B. (1988). Supportive relationships in later life. Psychology and Aging, 3(4), 348–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
  16. Foot, J., & Hopkins, T. (2010). A glass half-full: How an Asset approach can improve community health and well-being. London: Improvement and Development Agency.Google Scholar
  17. Fung, H. H., Stoeber, F. S., Yeung, D. Y. L., & Lang, F. R. (2008). Cultural specificity of socioemotional selectivity: Age differences in social network composition among Germans and Hong Kong Chinese. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63(3), 156–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gilchrist, A. (2009). The well-connected community: A networking approach to community development. Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hill, R. D. (2005). Positive aging: A guide for mental health professionals and consumers. New York: W. W. Norton & Co Inc.Google Scholar
  20. Kahn, R. L., & Antonucci, T. C. (1980). Convoys over the life course: Attachment, roles and social support. In P. B. Baltes & O. Brim (Eds.), Life-Span development and behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 253–286). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  21. Krause, N., & Jay, G. (1991). Stress, social support, and negative interaction in later life. Research on Aging, 13(3), 333–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lang, F. R., Wagner, J., & Neyer, F. J. (2009). Interpersonal functioning across the lifespan: Two principles of relationship regulation. Advances in Life Course Research, 14, 40–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Langer, N. (2004). Resiliency and spirituality: Foundations of strengths perspective counseling with the elderly. Educational Gerontology, 30(7), 611–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Levitt, M. J., Weber, R. A., & Guacci, N. (1993). Convoys of social support: An intergenerational analysis. Psychology and Aging, 8(3), 323–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Löckenhoff, C. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2004). Socioemotional selectivity theory, aging, and health: The increasingly delicate balance between regulating emotions and making tough choices. Journal of Personality, 72(6), 1395–1424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lynott, R. J., & Lynott, P. P. (1996). Tracing the course of theoretical development in the sociology of aging. The Gerontologist, 36(6), 749–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ng, S. H., Cheung, C. K. J., Chong, A. M. L., Woo, J., Kwan, A. Y. H., & Lai, S. F. Y. (2011). Aging well socially through engagement with life: Adapting Rowe and Kahn’s model of successful aging to Chinese cultural context. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 73(4), 313–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pruchno, R. A., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Cartwright, F. (2010). A two-factor model of successful aging. The Journals of Gerontology Series B, 65(6), 671–679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Saleebey, D. (1996). The strengths perspective in social work practice: Extensions and cautions. Social Work, 41(3), 296–305.Google Scholar
  30. Tornstam, L. (2000). Transcendence in later life. Generations, 23(4), 10–14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social WorkSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations