Comparative Research on Development Modes of Global Cruise Economy Circles
Today, United States adopts hegemonism to treat other countries with high profile against globalization, but the trend of economic globalization is accelerating. The countries and regions have a clearer division of labor during industrial development and closer economic interaction based on their comprehensive conditions such as geographical location, resource availability and socio-economic development level. The cruise industry is also developed in this way. It is almost impossible for any country or region to develop its cruise industry based on its own strength. Only to actively participate in the economic cooperation in the cruise region, share the benefits and risks, and jointly promote the development of the regional cruise economy, and cruise culture and the cruise industry can create a regional cruise economy circle on the basis of national and regional cooperation, thereby promoting the steady development of the national cruise economy. Therefore, the development of the cruise industry insists on regional cooperation, which has become the common experience for countries and regions in the world to develop their cruise economy and their cruise industry. Under the background of globalization, informatization and marketization of the world economy, the development of the cruise industry has new features of market sharing, information sharing, policy interaction and resource complementation, and the regional concentration of the cruise industry has become one of the trends for the development of the current cruise industry. The overall historical process of the cruise tourism industry fully shows the characteristics of regional interaction, spatial linkage, industrial relevance and cultural penetration. Due to their respective resource endowment, industrial conditions, cultural history, development mechanism, the continents and regions in the world have different growth paths, forming a featured cruise economy circle with many regional characteristics. Their development model, industrial structure and management experience have great enlightenment and reference significance for the construction and development of the China–Northeast Asia cruise economy circle. Through the comparative study on the global cruise economy circle, the internal structure and development dynamics of the cruise economy circle are revealed herein, providing theoretical support for creating the Northeast Asia cruise economy circle with resources shared, advantages complemented, labor divided, and work coordinated, and promoting more reasonable cruise economy circle structure and more stable development.