Appendix: Aspects from the History of Tunisia
This chapter recalls the glory periods of Tunisia and its contribution to the human civilization since Carthage, the main events of its history, as well as some of its eminent actors in the arena of culture and knowledge. It begins by presenting the Carthaginian Tunisia and Hannibal. Then, it presents the main dynasties that ruled the country as well as some prominent Tunisian figures such as the physician Ibn al-Jazzār, the astronomer Ibn Abi al-Rijal, the mathematician Ibn Chabbat, the philosopher and father of modern sociology Ibn Khaldun and the contemporary mathematician Abbes Bahri. After that, focus is made on the political reform attempt of the nineteenth century and the important roles played by Mohammed al-Sadok Bey and Khayr al-Din Pasha. Then, the chapter moves to the roots of the French colonization and the dynamic of the independence process with a focus on the roles played by Habib Bourguiba, Salah Ben Youssef and other prominent leaders. Finally, it sheds some light on the rise of political Islam. The ultimate objective of the chapter is to show that Tunisia’s civilizational contribution and its historical evolution enable it, at least from a political sociology perspective, to establish a multidimensional development strategy and become a developed country.
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