Toward an Inclusive Development Strategy
This chapter explores the pillars of an inclusive development strategy that a developing country like Tunisia shall pursue. It begins by examining three multidimensional approaches of change and development. At first, it presents Kaplan and Freeman’s (Inclusive transitions framework, 2015) approach for a successful inclusive reform during a political transition. Then, it examines the multidimensional development theory of the Tunisian philosopher Abderrahmane Ibn Khaldun. The third examined multidimensional development paradigm is Stiglitz (Towards a new paradigm for development: Strategies, policies, and processes, 1998). Then, it dedicates special sections to the role of inclusive institutions and the process of reengineering political institutions. This institutional dimension is crucial to Tunisia, which shall conceive its development strategy taking into account its strengths and weaknesses on a multidimensional space. Finally, it focuses on the role of leadership in the country’s transformation process and justifies the urgency to reinvent it on the institutional ground (institutional leadership).
- Acemoglu, D. and J. A. Robinson (2012) “Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity and poverty,” New York: Crown Business.Google Scholar
- Andrews, M., J. McConnell and A. Wescott (2010) “Development as leadership-led change – A report for the global leadership initiative and the World Bank Institute (WBI),” Harvard Kennedy School, Faculty Research Working Paper Series, RWP10-009.Google Scholar
- Aoki, M. (2014) “Economic and political transitions from Pre-modern to modern states in the Meiji restoration and Xinhai revolution: A Strategic approach,” ADBI Working Paper Series No. 486.Google Scholar
- Boughzala, M. and S. Ben Romdhane (2015) “Transition from autocracy to democracy in Tunisia: Factors underlying the Tunisian uprising and the prospects for consolidating the transition to democracy,” American University of Beirut Institute of Financial Economics, Lecture and Working Paper Series No. 3.Google Scholar
- Clappison, A. (2011) “Building new democracies: Norms shape practice not policies,” ERF 17th Annual Conference, https://erfblog.org/category/erf-17th-annual-conference/.
- Galal, A. and H. Selim (2012) “The elusive quest for Arab economic development,” ERF Working Paper No. 722, November 2012.Google Scholar
- Guerrero, I., L. Felipe, L. Calva and M. Walton (2009) “The Inequality Trap and Its Links to Low Growth in Mexico,” in “No Growth Without Equity? Inequality, Interests, and Competition in Mexico,” Edited by Santiago Levy and Michael Walton, A co-publication of The World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Kaplan, S. and M. Freeman (2015) “Inclusive transitions framework,” Institute for Integrated Transitions, July 2015.Google Scholar
- North, D. C. (1990) “Institutions, Institutional change and Economic Performance,” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- North, D. C. and R. P. Thomas (1973) “The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History,” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Pittman, R. (2009) “Restructuring in times of crisis,” Network Industries Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4.Google Scholar
- Polychroniou, C. J. (2016) “Socialism for the rich, capitalism for the poor: An interview with Noam Chomsky,” Truthout, 11 December 2016.Google Scholar
- Reich, R. (2015) “What happened to the moral center of American capitalism?” robertreich.org/post/128336881225FRIDAY, 4 September 2015.
- Roded, R. (1994) “Women in Islamic bibliographical collections from Ibn Sa’ad to who’s who,” Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder and London.Google Scholar
- Schwab, K. (2015) “How can we achieve growth for the many, not just the few?” World Economic Forum.Google Scholar
- Shiller, Robert J. (2014) “Creativity, corporatism, and crowds,” Project Syndicate, 18 November 2014.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. E. (1998) “Towards a new paradigm for development: Strategies, policies, and processes,” Prebisch Lecture at UNCTAD, Geneva, 19 October 1998.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. E. (2014) “Capitalism needs new rules to restore the growth and stability of postwar era,” The Guardian, 2 September 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/sep/02/joseph-stiglitz-capitalism-new-rules-growth-stability.