Group Decision-Making with Multiple Types of Uncertain Linguistic Expressions: Stochastic Acceptability Analysis

  • Hai WangEmail author
  • Zeshui Xu
Part of the Uncertainty and Operations Research book series (UOR)


Uncertain linguistic opinions frequently take the form of ULEs such as ULTs, HFLTSs, EHFLTSs, and probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) rather than single linguistic terms. A stochastic approach will be introduced to handle GDM problems in which the performance values are expressed by HFLTSs or PLTSs and the weights of experts and criteria are unknown or partially unknown. Based on the involved probabilistic information, the real value of a linguistic variable and the uncertain weights are considered as stochastic variables.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information EngineeringNanjing Audit UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Business SchoolSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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