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Backgrounds and Literature Review

  • Hai WangEmail author
  • Zeshui Xu
Chapter
Part of the Uncertainty and Operations Research book series (UOR)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the background of this book, make clear the focused problems, and then illustrate the outline and the organization of this book.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information EngineeringNanjing Audit UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Business SchoolSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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