The Indonesian Liberal Democracy, 1950–1957

  • Van Thuy PhamEmail author


The theme of this chapter is the period in the Indonesian historiography between 1950 and 1957 labelled Liberal Democracy. It reveals the predominance of the pragmatic ideas about the running of the economy held by conservative political leaders over the increasingly powerful group advocating a more radical orientation. The moderate measures adopted by the Indonesian government to promote Indonesian entrepreneurship and strengthen the state control and supervision of the economic activities through the Sumitro Plan, the Benteng (‘Fortress’) Programme, and various fiscal policies are examined in some detail. This chapter concludes with a discussion of the failure of Indonesianisasi as a direct consequence of public tensions aroused by the economic domination by Dutch and other foreign capital in the mid-1950s.


Sumitro plan Benteng Indonesianisasi Liberal democracy Indonesian parliament Indonesian political party 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Social Sciences and HumanitiesVietnam National University, HanoiHanoiVietnam

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