Economic Conditions of Indonesia and Vietnam in Pre-independence Era, 1910s–1945

  • Van Thuy PhamEmail author


This chapter discusses the main features of the colonial economies of Indonesia and Vietnam up to 1945. It examines the extent to which Indonesia and Vietnam experienced a similar form of colonial exploitation and oppression. Special attention is paid to the disadvantageous economic position of indigenous Indonesians and Vietnamese compared to that of foreign nationals, especially the Chinese and metropolitan capitalists, namely the Dutch in Indonesia and the French in Vietnam. The different modes of colonial rule deployed by the Japanese army in Indonesia and Vietnam during the occupation and their impacts on the post-war period are also discussed. This chapter argues that it was within this short period of time that the Indonesians took the opportunity to acquire considerable knowledge and experience in economic administration and practical business affairs, both of which were to be absolutely essential to them in the economic-planning of their country after independence.


French Indochina Colonial Vietnam Netherlands East Indies Colonial Indonesia Plural economy Japanese occupation Oversea Chinese 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Social Sciences and HumanitiesVietnam National University, HanoiHanoiVietnam

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