Reviews on Observer Metamerism and Individual Color Vision Variability

  • Qianwen Chen
  • Lu Feng
  • Yalin Li
  • Shengyan CaiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 543)


Significant color discrimination exists among color deficiency observers, while the color vision variability was used to being neglected among ordinary individuals. The standard observer is widely used in the traditional colorimetry for convenience with the observer metamerism phenomenon ignored. While with the contribution of physiology, psychophysics, color science and other areas, the study of color vision variability in individual observers goes further. This paper reviews on the past research works about observer metamerism and individual color vision variability according to its physiological influence factors, significance and quantification.


Review Observer metamerism Physiological CMFs 



Thanks for the laboratory innovation funds of Tianjin University of Science and Technology, No. 1706A201.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Packaging and Printing EngineeringTianjin University of Science and TechnologyTianjinChina

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