Advertisement

Pursuing Innovation in Australian Cities

  • Edward J. Blakely
  • Richard Hu
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the pursuit of innovation in Australian cities. It begins by outlining the imperatives for pursuing innovation in Australia, recognising the need for an Australian way that is not just an imitation of international best practices, and emphasising the essential role of governments. It particularly points out the importance of translating the Australian government’s innovation rhetoric into effective actions to reverse the downward trend in national innovation inputs and performance. The chapter then introduces several innovative places in Australia’s leading global cities, Sydney and Melbourne, and several recent ‘smart cities’ initiatives in Adelaide and Canberra. These places are important innovation hubs in Australian cities, but none have yet achieved a leading status globally. Finally, the chapter provides a comprehensive examination of the innovative assets of 25 Australian cities through constructing a Knowledge City Index, which reveals their competitive strengths and weaknesses in pursuing innovation.

References

  1. ACIL Tasman. (2013). City of Melbourne Knowledge Sector Study. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  2. ACT Government, & ARUP. (2016). Canberra: A Statement of Ambition. Canberra: ACT Government.Google Scholar
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018a). Census of Population and Housing, 2011, TableBuilder. Retrieved August 30, 2018, from http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/D3310114.nsf/Home/2016%20TableBuilder
  4. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018b). Census of Population and Housing, 2016, TableBuilder. Retrieved August 16, 2018, from http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/D3310114.nsf/Home/2016%20TableBuilder
  5. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018c). Counts of Australian Businesses, Including Entries and Exits, Jun 2013 to Jun 2017. Retrieved September 19, 2018, from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/8165.0Jun%202013%20to%20Jun%202017?OpenDocument
  6. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018d). Government Resources Devoted to Research and Experimental Development. Retrieved September 19, 2018, from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8109.0
  7. Australian Cluster Observatory. (2017). Welcome to the Australian Cluster Observatory (ACO). Retrieved October 20, 2017, from http://www.clusterobservatory.com.au/index.html#!view=aboutobservatory;url=/about-observatory/
  8. Australian Government. (2015). National Innovation and Science Agenda. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.Google Scholar
  9. Australian Government. (2017). Australia 2030: Prosperity Through Innovation. Canberra: Innovation and Science Australia.Google Scholar
  10. Australian Government. (2018). The Western Sydney City Deal. Retrieved September 9, 2018, from https://cities.infrastructure.gov.au/western-sydney-city-deal
  11. Bagshaw, E. (2018, September 7). Donald Trump’s Trade War Will Cost Australia’s Economy At Least $36 Billion. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 8, 2018, from https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/donald-trump-s-trade-war-will-cost-australia-s-economy-at-least-36-billion-20180907-p502dr.html
  12. City of Adelaide. (2017). City of Entrepreneurs. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from http://www.cityofadelaide.com.au/city-business/why-adelaide/city-of-entrepreneurs/
  13. City of Melbourne. (2001). City Plan 2010. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  14. City of Melbourne. (2008). Future Melbourne 2026. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  15. City of Melbourne. (2014). A Knowledge City Strategy: Strengthening Melbourne’s Knowledge Sector Through Collaboration 2014–18. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  16. City of Melbourne. (2017). Melbourne City Council Plan 2017–2021. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  17. Cumming, J. (2016). ACT Government Digital Strategy 2016–2019. Canberra: ACT Government.Google Scholar
  18. Deloitte Access Economics. (2016). Westmead Innovation District: Building Western Sydney’s Jobs Engine Strategic Vision 2016–2016. Sydney: Westmead Alliance.Google Scholar
  19. Greater Sydney Commission. (2018). A Metropolis of Three Cities – Connecting People. Sydney: NSW Government.Google Scholar
  20. Hu, R. (2015). Canberra’s Competitiveness in the National Context. Policy Studies, 36(1), 55–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hu, R. (2016). Concentration and Mobility of Knowledge Workers: An Intercity Analysis of Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. Journal of Urban Technology, 23(1), 11–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hu, R., & Blakely, E. (2013). Measuring Tourism as the Economic Driver of Australian Sea Change Communities. Community Development, 44(3), 323–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kresl, P. K., & Ietri, D. (2016). Smaller Cities in a World of Competitiveness. London/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lonely Planet. (2014). Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel 2014 – Top 10 Cities. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://www.lonelyplanet.com/travel-tips-and-articles/lonely-planets-best-in-travel-2014-top-10-cities/40625c8c-8a11-5710-a052-1479d277a07e
  25. Macquarie Park Innovation District. (2018). Key Facts: Macquarie Park Innovation District. Retrieved September 9, 2018, from http://mpid.com.au/key-facts/
  26. Mirvac. (2018). The ATP Story. Retrieved September 9, 2018, from https://atp.mirvac.com/About/The-ATP-Story/index.html
  27. NSW Government. (2014). A Plan for Growing Sydney. Sydney: NSW Department of Planning and Environment.Google Scholar
  28. Pratchett, L., Hu, R., Buick, F., & Carmody, L. (2015). Smart Work in the ACT and Region. Canberra: Globalisation and Cities Research Program, University of Canberra.Google Scholar
  29. Pratchett, L., Hu, R., Walsh, M., & Tuli, S. (2017). The Knowledge City Index: A Tale of 25 Cities in Australia. Canberra: The neXus Research Centre, University of Canberra.Google Scholar
  30. State Government of Victoria. (2002). Melbourne 2030. Melbourne: Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning.Google Scholar
  31. State Government of Victoria. (2015). Plan Melbourne: Metropolitan Planning Strategy. Melbourne: Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning.Google Scholar
  32. The Economist. (2017). How Australia Broke the Record for Economic Growth. The Economist. Retrieved September 5, 2018, from https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2017/09/05/how-australia-broke-the-record-for-economic-growth
  33. The Economist Intelligence Unit. (2016). Global Liveability Ranking and Report 2016. London: The Economist Intelligence Unit.Google Scholar
  34. The Economist Intelligence Unit. (2018). The Global Liveability Index 2018. London: The Economist Intelligence Unit.Google Scholar
  35. The Lead. (2015). CISCO Names Adelaide as First ‘Lighthouse City’ in Australia. Retrieved October 6, 2018, from http://theleadsouthaustralia.com.au/industries/research-development/cisco-names-adelaide-as-first-lighthouse-city-in-australia/
  36. Victoria State Government. (2018). Melbourne Biomedical Precinct: From Research Engine to Economic Powerhouse. Melbourne: The Victorian Government.Google Scholar
  37. Yigitcanlar, T., & Lönnqvist, A. (2013). Benchmarking Knowledge-Based Urban Development Performance: Results from the International Comparison of Helsinki. Cities, 31, 357–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yigitcanlar, T., O’Connor, K., & Westerman, C. (2008). The Making of Knowledge Cities: Melbourne’s Knowledge-Based Urban Development Experience. Cities, 25, 63–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward J. Blakely
    • 1
  • Richard Hu
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.University of CanberraCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations