Australian Cities in Competition

  • Edward J. Blakely
  • Richard Hu


This chapter examines Australian cities in an increasingly competitive world and how these cities perform compared to each other and globally. The conceptualisation of urban competitiveness is moving from an economic-centric approach to an integrative approach that incorporates economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability. This new conceptualisation is changing the way urban competitiveness is measured. This chapter measures the competitiveness of Australian cities, especially its gateway global cities, Sydney and Melbourne, to reveal their competitive strengths and weaknesses in the global urban system. It also investigates intercity competition, within Australia’s national urban system, to demonstrate that attracting people and talent is associated with the cities’ knowledge economies and innovation capacity. These conceptual and empirical examinations draw attention to the role of innovation in a city’s competitiveness in a knowledge economy, which underpins the concluding argument for developing knowledge-based agglomerations in cities.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward J. Blakely
    • 1
  • Richard Hu
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.University of CanberraCanberraAustralia

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