Rediscovering Places

  • Edward J. Blakely
  • Richard Hu


This chapter introduces the aim, contexts, approach, and organisation of the book. The central concern of the book is on crafting innovative places to grow a knowledge economy in Australia, drawing on global experiences. We call for rediscovering the role of places in incubating innovation as part of a global network of innovation systems. A focus on place-based innovation is situated within three contemporary forces—globalisation, urbanisation, and innovation—that are disrupting and restructuring the spatial patterns of the global economy. We argue that these forces are interacting to create a flat but uneven world, in which some places have higher concentrations of innovation capacity and knowledge economy activities and thus attract global talent and investment, while other places are losing opportunities and human capital. The global innovation race and the transition to a knowledge economy put places in Australian cities on the front line of policymaking, and places are a critical part of any national plan to win the global competition and develop a thriving knowledge economy.


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Census of Population and Housing, 2016, TableBuilder. Retrieved August 16, 2018, from
  2. Barber, B. R. (2014). If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, U. (2000). What Is Globalization? Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  4. Blakely, E. J. (2001). Competitive Advantage for the 21st-Century City: Can a Place-Based Approach to Economic Development Survive in a Cyberspace Age. Journal of the American Planning Association, 67(2), 133–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Botsman, R., & Rogers, R. (2010). What’s Mine Is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  6. Colecchia, A., & Schreyer, P. (2002). ICT Investment and Economic Growth in the 1990s: Is the United States a Unique Case. Review of Economic Dynamics, 5(2), 408–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Darby, S., & Sear, D. (2008). River Restoration: Managing the Uncertainty in Restoring Physical Habitat. West Sussex: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Florida, R. (2014). The Rise of the Creative Class (Revised ed.). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  9. Frey, C. B., & Osborne, M. A. (2017). The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 114, 254–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Friedman, T. (2007). The World Is Flat. New York: Picador.Google Scholar
  11. Glaeser, E., & Kohlhase, J. (2004). Cities, Regions and the Decline of Transport Costs. Regional Science, 83(1), 197–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamari, J., Sjöklint, M., & Ukkonen, A. (2015). The Sharing Economy: Why People Participate in Collaborative Consumption. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 67(9), 2047–2059.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harvey, D. (1995). Globalization in Question. Rethinking Marxism, 8(4), 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hu, R. (2016). Concentration and Mobility of Knowledge Workers: An Intercity Analysis of Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. Journal of Urban Technology, 23(1), 11–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hugo, G. (2006). An Australian Diaspora? International Migration, 44(1), 105–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hugo, G. (2014). Change and Continuity in Australian International Migration Policy. International Migration Review, 48(3), 868–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Katz, B., & Bradley, J. (2013). The Metropolitan Revolution. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute Press.Google Scholar
  18. Katz, B., & Nowak, J. (2017). The New Localism: How Cities Can Thrive in the Age of Populism. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  19. Katz, B., & Wagner, J. (2014). The Rise of Innovation Districts: A New Geography of Innovation in America. Washington, DC: Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings.Google Scholar
  20. Leinberger, C. B., & Loh, T. H. (2018). Catalytic Development: (Re)creating Walkable Urban Places. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  21. Moretti, E. (2012). The New Geography of Jobs. Boston/New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
  22. OECD. (2005). Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data (3rd ed.). Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  23. OECD. (2016). Trends Shaping Education 2016. Paris: OECD Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. OECD. (2017). Innovation Statistics and Indicators. Retrieved September 19, 2018, from
  25. Pratchett, L., Hu, R., Buick, F., & Carmody, L. (2015). Smart Work in the ACT and Region. Canberra: Globalisation and Cities Research Program, University of Canberra.Google Scholar
  26. Sassen, S. (2001). The Global City (2nd ed.). Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Taylor, P. J., & Derudder, B. (2016). World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis (2nd ed.). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Taylor, P. J., Ni, P., Derudder, B., Hoyler, M., Huang, J., & Witlox, F. (2011). Global Urban Analysis: A Survey of Cities in Globalization. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  29. United Nations. (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs/Population Division. Retrieved August 16, 2018, from
  30. World Trade Organization. (2018). Statistics Database. Retrieved August 20, 2018, from
  31. Yu, D., & Hang, C. C. (2010). A Reflective Review of Disruptive Innovation Theory. International Journal of Management Reviews, 12(4), 435–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhao, Z. Y., Zuo, J., Zillante, G., & Zhao, X. J. (2012). Foreign Architectural and Engineering Design Firms’ Competitiveness and Strategies in China: A Diamond Model Study. Habitat International, 36(3), 362–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward J. Blakely
    • 1
  • Richard Hu
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.University of CanberraCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations