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From Globalization to China’s Urbanization

Chapter
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)

Abstract

The theories on “space of flows” and “grassrooting space of flows” from Manual Castells explain accurately the empowerment furnished by the Internet in the process of globalization, stimulated by elites in this information era, and also the production of anti-globalization regional grass-root activities. The notion of space of flows can be described as the physical and virtual space in which all higher-level transactions (monetary, communicative, informational, etc.) take place, while “grassrooting” refers to the integration of these transactions into local communities. These are the two sides of the same coin. However, there are limitations in the current literature. The current theory on space of flows and grassrooting space of flows focuses primarily on urban areas and does not adequately account for urban-rural relationships that have developed in the last ten years in some areas. As a compelling case study, China’s urban-rural conflict presents interesting elements. In China, the integration of space of flows are clearly reflected in the urban-rural unity and social practices, epitomized in the emergence of county-level rural e-commerce .

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, School of Design and EnvironmentNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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