On-Orbit Polarization Calibration of the Multi-angle Polarization Imager Based on Sunglint Over the Ocean

  • Junjie Guo
  • Zhigang YaoEmail author
  • Zhigang Han
  • Zengliang Zhao
  • Jun Jiang
  • Wei Yan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 541)


The Multi-angle Polarization Imager (MAI) is the first multi-angle polarization imaging instrument operating in orbit in China. It is important to the development of the polarized remote sensing technology. This study uses on-orbit polarization calibration of the MAI based on sunglint over the ocean to determine the accuracy of the MAI data and to lay the foundations for the study of clouds and aerosols using this instrument. The retrieved degree of polarization at the top of atmosphere (TOA) is in good agreement with the degree of polarization simulated by the Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum – Vector (6SV) radiation transfer mode with a correlation coefficient of 0.992 and a method uncertainty of <1%. The calibration pixels are selected by combining the theoretical analysis and 6SV simulation, and the MAI on-orbit polarization calibration test is carried out using the selected pixels. There is good agreement between the retrieved degree of polarization at the TOA and the measured degree of polarization by the MAI, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9576, an average absolute deviation of 6.06%, and a standard deviation of the difference between the retrieved degree of polarization and the measured degree of polarization of 1.29%. The method of on-orbit polarization calibration based on sunglint over the ocean can realize on-orbit polarization monitoring and calibration of the MAI.


Tiangong-2 Multi-angle polarization remote sensing On-orbit calibration The sunglint over the ocean 6SV Degree of polarization 



Thanks to China Manned Space Engineering for providing space science and application data products of Tiangong-2. This work was co-supported by the TG-2 Mission of the Manned Space Flight Project, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC41575031), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M580124).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junjie Guo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhigang Yao
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Zhigang Han
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zengliang Zhao
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jun Jiang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wei Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Meteorology and OceanologyNational University of Defense TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geo-Information EngineeringXi’anChina
  3. 3.Beijing Institute of Applied MeteorologyBeijingChina

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