The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

  • Philip Andrews-SpeedEmail author
  • Sufang Zhang
Part of the Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies book series (PSAPS)


Energy interacts with other resources and factors, often with negative consequences in the form of either resource waste or environmental damage. In other words, clean energy is not just about energy itself but also about the interactions of the energy supply chain with other resources. This chapter sets energy in the wider context of the resource nexus, especially the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus. It examines two specific challenges relating to the WEF nexus in China: the water-energy nexus, looking at water use for energy and energy use for water, and the role of synthetic nitrogenous fertiliser in the WEF nexus. Constraints to improved governance of the nexus include poor coordination, weak incentives, the role of pricing and subsidies, and the nature of property rights.


Water Energy Food Agriculture Fertiliser Nitrogen Nexus 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.North China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina

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