Advertisement

China as a Global Clean Energy Champion: Goals and Achievements

  • Philip Andrews-SpeedEmail author
  • Sufang Zhang
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies book series (PSAPS)

Abstract

This chapter presents some of the evidence that has persuaded observers to see China as a global clean energy champion. The term ‘clean energy’ is applied to a wide range of reductions of environmental damage caused by energy supply chains within China. The chapter provides key background information on trends since 1990 with respect to China’s production and consumption of energy, installed energy infrastructure, energy intensity and carbon emissions, and draws attention to China’s deployment and exports of clean energy technologies. The chapter’s structure broadly follows the government’s five-year planning cycle and concludes with some perspectives on the outlook for China’s carbon emissions from energy and on the likely outcome of the Energy Revolution Strategy 2016–2030.

Keywords

Clean energy Renewable energy Technology Five-year plan 

References

  1. BP. 2018a. BP Statistical Review of World Energy. London: BP.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 2018b. BP Energy Outlook 2018. London: BP.Google Scholar
  3. China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products. 2018. Analysis of China’s Photovoltaic Product Import and Export in 2017. China Electrical Equipment Industry 2018 (3): 25–33 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  4. China Electricity Council. 2018. Annual Report of China Electricity Industry. Beijing: China Market Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  5. China Photovoltaic Industries Association. 2018. Development of China’s Photovoltaic Industry in 2017. June 13, 2016. http://guangfu.bjx.com.cn/news/20180613/905726.shtml (in Chinese).
  6. Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association. 2016. Annual Review and Outlook for China Solar PV Industry, 2016. Beijing: Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association. http://www.creia.net/d/file/publish/report/2018-03-27/b007339a14073b1b22caf026edc203cc.pdf (in Chinese).
  7. Ding, Tao, Yadong Ning, and Yan Zhang. 2018. The Contribution of China’s Bilateral Trade to Global Carbon Emissions in the Context of Globalization. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.strueco.2018.04.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Duan, Hongbo, Jianlei Mo, Ying Fan, and Shouyang Wang. 2017a. The Timing of China’s Peaking Under an Uncertain Future. International Association of Energy Economics, Energy Forum, 2017 (1): 49–51.Google Scholar
  9. Green, Fergus, and Nicholas Stern. 2015. China’s ‘New Normal’: Structural Change, Better Growth, and Peak Emissions. Policy Brief, Grantham Research Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Grubb, Michael, Fu Sha, Thomas Spencer, Nick Hughes, Zhongxiang Zhang, and Paulo Agnalucci. 2015. A Review of Chinese CO2 Emission Projections to 2030: The Role of Economic Structure and Policy. Climate Policy 15 (S1): S7–S39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. International Energy Agency. 2012. World Energy Outlook 2012. Paris: OECD/IEA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ———. 2017. World Energy Outlook 2017. Paris: OECD/IEA.Google Scholar
  13. International Energy Agency, Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme. Various Years. Annual Report for China. International Energy Agency. http://www.iea-pvps.org/index.php?id=6
  14. Liu, Qilin, Wenhua Zhang, Lingtao Yao, and Jianhai Yuan. 2017a. Carbon Emissions Performance Regulation for China’s Top Generation Groups by 2020: Too Challenging to Realize? Resources, Conservation and Recycling 122: 326–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liu, Qilin, Lei Qi, Huimin Xu, and Jiahai Yuan. 2018a. China’s Energy Revolution Strategy into 2030. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 128: 78–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. National Bureau of Statistics. 2017. China Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: National Bureau of Statistics.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2018. Statistical Communique on National Economic and Social Development 2017. February 28. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201802/t20180228_1585631.html (in Chinese).
  18. National Development and Reform Commission. 2011. The Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Energy Development 2011–2015. Beijing: National Development and Reform Commission.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 2016. The Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Energy Development 2016–2020. Beijing: National Development and Reform Commission.Google Scholar
  20. Qi, Ye, Nicholas Stern, Tong Wu, Jiaqi Lu, and Fergus Green. 2016. China’s Post-Coal Growth. Nature Geoscience 9: 564–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. REN21. 2017. Renewables 2017. Global Status Report. Paris: REN21.Google Scholar
  22. U.S. Chamber of Commerce. 2017. Made in China 2025: Global Ambition Built on Local Protections. Washington, DC: U.S. Chamber of Commerce.Google Scholar
  23. U.S. Energy Information Administration. 2018. International Energy Statistics. https://www.eia.gov/
  24. Wang, Can, Yuan Yang, and Junjie Zhang. 2015a. China’s Sectoral Strategies in Energy Conservation and Carbon Mitigation. Climate Policy 15 (S1): S60–S80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wubbeke, Jost, Mirjam Meissner, Max J. Zenglan, Jacqueline Ives, and Bjorn Conrad. 2016. Made in China 2025. The Making of a High-Tech Superpower and Consequences for Industrial Countries. MERICS Papers on China, No. 2. Berlin: Mercator Institute for China Studies.Google Scholar
  26. Yang, Yuan, Junjie Zhang, and Can Wang. 2018. Forecasting China’s Carbon Intensity: Is China on Track to Comply with Its Copenhagen Commitment? The Energy Journal 39 (2): 63–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yuan, Jiahai, Chunning Na, Qi Lei, Minpeng Xiong, Jingsheng Guo, and Zheng Hu. 2018. Coal Use for Power Generation in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 129: 443–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.North China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations