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Screening for Ovarian Cancer

  • Angelito Magno
Chapter

Abstract

Gynecologic cancer is a major disease burden worldwide. Based on the 2012 GLOBOCAN Worldwide estimates of cancer incidences and mortality from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancers rank fourth, sixth, and seventh highest new cases, respectively, with cervical cancer and ovarian cancer as fourth and eighth leading cause of cancer deaths. From the 2014 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program data and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) data in the United States, cancer of the uterine corpus was the fourth most common new cancer cases, with 52,630 new cases, and ovarian cancer was the fifth most common cause of death, with 14,270 deaths. The lifetime risk of a woman to develop ovarian cancer is 1 in 75 and the risk of death from the disease is 1 in 100. This chapter will discuss screening for ovarian cancer, which will be divided into screening among healthy individuals (general population and high-risk population) and individuals (asymptomatic or symptomatic) who have ovarian masses requiring differentiation of benign from malignant tumor.

Keywords

Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer screening Tumor markers Transvaginal ultrasound Multimodal markers RMI ROMA IOTA 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelito Magno
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Section of Gynecologic OncologyDe La Salle Health Sciences Institute, De La Salle University Medical CenterDasmarnas CityPhilippines

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