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Neuromuscular Weakness in the ICU

  • Marc-Alain BabiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Critical illness muscular and nerve weakness is a common occurrence among patients who are critically ill or are admitted to intensive care units. Weakness is frequently observed in patients with multiple organ failure and severe systemic disease and may also be associated with treatments administered in the intensive care unit. Neuromuscular weakness in the ICU is most often due to critical illness myopathy, critical illness polyneuropathy, or a combination of both. Some authors apply the term “intensive care unit-acquired weakness” for patients who are admitted to intensive care units with systemic disease and subsequently develop clinically detected weakness but no other clear explanation of their weakness other than their primary critical care illness. This chapter reviews the neuromuscular weaknesses commonly encountered in the intensive care unit.

Keywords

Weakness Neuromuscular weakness Critical illness myopathy Critical illness neuropathy Myopathy Neuropathy Intensive care Paraplegia Failure to wean 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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