Development of Manufacturing Towns in the 1980s and 1990s

  • Yue GongEmail author


This chapter outlines the early stages of the governance of rural migrants in the manufacturing towns of China. It introduces the three governing authorities—local governments, village collectives, and industrialists—and discusses their role in the skewed development of manufacturing towns. Gong points out polarized and artery-oriented spatial patterns of towns and villages, in which migrants dwell on the periphery and the authorities occupy the center. These spatial patterns have anchored migrants’ everyday lives and governance by authorities since the early reform period.


  1. Abramson, Daniel Benjamin, and Samantha Anderson. 2006. “Planning for the Urban Edge in Quanzhou, Fujian: Foreshadowing an Enablement Approach to Village Urbanization.” The MIT Journal of Planning 5 (June 2006): 9–26.Google Scholar
  2. Chan, Kam Wing. 2007. “Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China’s Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications.” Eurasian Geography and Economics 48 (4): 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang, Leslie T. 2009. Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China. New York: Spiegel & Grau.Google Scholar
  4. Chung, Him. 2010. “Building an Image of Villages-in-the-City: A Clarification of China’s Distinct Urban Spaces.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 34 (2): 421–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Deng, Yupeng, and Sirui Wang. 2009. “Xinguanren Gongzuo He Shenghuo Wenti Diaocha Baogao” (Investigation Report of Xinguanren’s Work and Life). In 2009 Dongguan Chengshi Fazhan Baogao: Jingrong Weiji Xia De Chanye Shengji He Shehui Redian (Dongguan Development Report 2009: Industrial Upgrading and Hot Social Issues in Financial Crisis), edited by Yupeng Deng and Sirui Wang, 332–359. Beijing: Zhongguo Jingji Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  6. Deng, Yupeng, and Sirui Wang. 2011. 2010 Dongguan Chengshi Fazhan Baogao: Lvse Fazhan Shijiao De Chengshi Shengji (Dongguan Development Report 2010: Urban Upgrading from a Green Development Perspective). Beijing: Zhongguo Jingji Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  7. DRCCCPH. 2008. “Dongguan Gaige Kaifang Sanshi Nian Sanshi Jian Dashi” (Thirty Milestones in the Thirty-Year Reform of Dongguan). In Dongguan 30 Nian (Thirty Years in Dongguan), edited by Daoping Wang, 359–369. Guangzhou: Guangdong People’s Press.Google Scholar
  8. DUPB. 2000. Dongguan Comprehensive Plan 2000–2015.Google Scholar
  9. Eng, Irene. 1997. “The Rise of Manufacturing Towns: Externally Driven Industrialization and Urban Development in the Pearl River Delta of China.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 21 (4): 554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fei, Xiaotong. 1985. Lun Xiao Chengzhen Ji Qi Ta (On Small Cities and Towns, and Others). Tianjin: Tianjin People’s Press.Google Scholar
  11. GOSC. 1989. Dongguan Shi Nian, 1979–1988 (Ten-Year Development in Dongguan, 1979–1988). Shanghai: Shanghai People’ Press.Google Scholar
  12. GVC. 2008. Gunjingtou Cun Zhi (Archive of the Guanjingtou Village). Guangzhou: Linglan Meishu Chuban She.Google Scholar
  13. Hsing, You-tien. 2010. The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huang, Jing, and Xianwen Wang. 2004. “Research on Segregation and Conformity of Living Space of Floating Fopulation in Dongguan.” Huazhong Architecture 3: 030.Google Scholar
  15. Li, Hongbin, and Scott Rozelle. 2004. “Insider Privatization with a Tail: The Screening Contract and Performance of Privatized Firms in Rural China.” Journal of Development Economics 75 (1): 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lin, Justin Yifu, Fang Cai, and Zhou Li. 1996. The China Miracle: Development Strategy and Economic Reform. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.Google Scholar
  17. LVC. 2008. Lianhu Cun Zhi (Archive of the Lianhu Village). Hong Kong: Zhongguo Wenhua Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  18. Naughton, Barry. 2007. The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. NPCC. 1998a. Law of Land Administration of China.Google Scholar
  20. NPCC. 1998b. Organic Law of Village Committees of China.Google Scholar
  21. People’s Net. 2013. “Dongguan Xin Huanan Mall Kong Zhi Lv Gaoda Cheng Zhongguo Gui Cheng” (South China Mall Becomes a Ghost City). The People’s Net, March 23.
  22. QVC. 2009. Dongguan Shi Tangxia Zhen Qinghutou Cun Zhi (Archive of the Qinghutou Village of the Tangxia Town in Dongguan). Shenzhen: Caimei Yingshua.Google Scholar
  23. Shi, Jinling, and Chuanying Qiu. 1993. Zhujiang Sanjiao Zhou Fangdichan Touzi Zhinan (A Guide to Real Estate Investment in the Pearl River Delta). Guangzhou: Guangdong People’s Press.Google Scholar
  24. SVC. 2008. Dongguan Shi Tangxia Zhen Sicun Zhi (Archive of the Sicun Village of the Tangxia Town in Dongguan).Google Scholar
  25. Vogel, Ezra F. 1989. One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Wang, Xiaoyi, Jun Zhang, and Mei Yao. 1996. Zhongguo Cun Zhuang Di Jing Ji Zeng Zhang Yu She Hui Zhuan Xing: Guangdong Sheng Dongguan Shi Yantian Cun Diao Cha (Economic Growth and Social Transformation of Chinese Villages: A Study of Yantian Village, Dongguan, Guangdong). Taiyuan: Shanxi Jingii Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  27. Yeung, Godfrey. 2001. Foreign Investment and Socio-economic Development in China: The Case of Dongguan. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  28. YVC. 2006. Dongguan Shi Fenggang Zhen Youganpu Cun Zhi (Archive of the Youganpu Village of the Fonggang Town in Dongguan). Guangzhou: Linnan Meishu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  29. Zhang, Junfu. 2011. “Interjurisdictional Competition for FDI: The Case of China’s ‘Development Zone Fever’.” Regional Science & Urban Economics 41 (2): 145–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhang, L., Simon Zhao, and J.P. Tian. 2003. “Self-Help in Housing and Chengzhongcun in China’s Urbanization.” International Journal of Urban & Regional Research 27 (4): 912–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shenzhen Graduate SchoolPeking UniversityShenzhenChina

Personalised recommendations