Advertisement

“Reinventing the Airport?”: Annex 14, Dulles Airport’s “Mobile Lounge” and Other Jet-Age Paradigms, 1946–1962

  • Victor MarquezEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces the airport culture of the post-Second World War period as a framework for understanding the growing demands of aircraft innovation (jet propulsion) and the implications of the air travel boom of commercial aviation during the 1950s and 1960s. As the number of airplanes grew, so did the number of passengers, in the same proportion, pushing the terminals to lengthen endlessly as long docks. Passenger discomfort became a constant; thus, saturation and delay problems took over the airport. Engineers developed in response faster ways to enplane and deplane passengers, now known as jet bridges. This section also emphasizes the experimental planning behind the new Washington Dulles Airport in the late 1950s. Marquez also recount how the era’s faith in technology as a vehicle for progress was the main force behind the invention of the “Mobile Lounge” and how this artifact was seen as the ultimate solution for the ideal airport.

References

Publications

  1. Activities are channelized and separated: Washington National Airport. (1941). Architectural Record, 90(1), 53.Google Scholar
  2. Airport bus would haul passengers right to plane. (1953, July). Popular Science.Google Scholar
  3. The airport scramble. (1956, June). Architectural Forum.Google Scholar
  4. Akrich, M. (1992). The de-scription of technical objects. In W. Bjiker & J. Law (Eds.), Shaping technologies. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Ammann & Whitney, Eero Saarinen, Burns & McDonnell, Ellery Husted, & Burhan Kelly. (1960, May). Master development plan report for Dulles International Airport.Google Scholar
  6. Arroyo, N. R. et al. (1953, May). Airport terminal buildings: Twentieth century building type. Progressive Architecture.Google Scholar
  7. Bacon, R. F. [Director of the Bureau of National Capital Airports]. (1962a, March). [Letter to U.S. Congressman M. Gerhardt].Google Scholar
  8. Bacon, R. F. [Director of the Bureau of National Capital Airports]. (1962b, April). [Letter to the Administrator of the FAA Memorandum No. 7941]. From the U.S. State Government.Google Scholar
  9. Bacon, R. F. [Director of the Bureau of National Capital Airports]. (1963, May). [Letter to the Administrator of the FAA].Google Scholar
  10. Bednarek, J. R. D. (2001). America’s airports: Airfield development, 1918–1947. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Bijker, W. E. (1997). On bicycles, bakelites and bulbs: Toward a theory of sociotechnical change. Cambridge, MA, and London, UK: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. Billington, D. (1983). The tower and the bridge: The new art of structural art. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Bird, A. (2011). Thomas Kuhn and the concept of paradigm. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information.Google Scholar
  14. Boyer, P. (1985). By the bomb’s early light: American thought and culture at the dawn of the atomic age. Chapel Hill, NC, and London, UK: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  15. Chandos, J. (1956). Passenger progress. In London Airport: The official story of the new world air centre. London, UK: Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation.Google Scholar
  16. Downs, T. (2009, May 13). An introduction to airport design. Dwell.Google Scholar
  17. Dunbar, B. (1960, March). Airport breakthrough or bust… FAA’s Dulles plan is different. Airlift.Google Scholar
  18. Federal Aviation Agency. (1961a). Dulles International Airport: Fact sheet.Google Scholar
  19. Federal Aviation Agency. (1961b). FAA’s Office of Public Affairs Newsletter. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  20. Federal Aviation Agency. (1961c). The mobile lounge: Fact sheet. FAA News. Washington, DC: Office of Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  21. Federal Aviation Agency. (1962, November 17–18). Dulles International Airport: Dedication program.Google Scholar
  22. Froesch, C., & Prokosch, W. (1946). Airport planning. New York, NY: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Geraci, P. (1965, June). World’s safest airport. Rotarian.Google Scholar
  24. Haugland, V. K. (1962, December). The people likes it: New Dulles Airport starts out as $110 million hit. New Haven Register.Google Scholar
  25. Hughes, T. P. (1983). Networks of power: Electrification in western society 1880–1930. Baltimore, MD and London, UK: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  26. If you’re flying to Washington. (1962). U.S. News & World Report.Google Scholar
  27. International Civil Aviation Organization. (1953). Aerodromes: Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (2nd ed.). International Standard and Recommended Practices. Montreal, QC: Author.Google Scholar
  28. Jet-age airport. (1959, December). Bonanza from Billy: Art. New Yorker.Google Scholar
  29. Jet-age progress. (1959, April 12). New York Post.Google Scholar
  30. A jet airport opens. (1962, November 26–30). My Weekly Reader: The Children’s Newspaper.Google Scholar
  31. Johnson, P. (1946). Postwar planning reconversion. Aviation Digest Index. Washington, DC: U.S. National Research Bureau (Journal).Google Scholar
  32. Karsner, D. (1993). “Leaving on a Jet Plane”: Commercial aviation, airports and post-industrial American society, 1933–1970 (Doctoral dissertation). Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  33. Lackney, J. A. (1999, September). Assessing school facilities for learning/assessing the impact of the physical environment on the educational process. Mississippi State, Miss.: Educational Design Institute.Google Scholar
  34. Loading made easier. (1952). Flight.Google Scholar
  35. Logan still a winner in time. (1965). Boston Globe.Google Scholar
  36. A look at the newest thing in airports. (1962, September 10). U.S. News & World Report.Google Scholar
  37. Mobile lounge-ramp ends walk to planes. (1962). Birmingham eccentric.Google Scholar
  38. Mumford, L. (1934). Technics & civilization. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  39. New thinking of airport terminals. (1956, June). Architectural Forum.Google Scholar
  40. Planning of jet airports, passenger terminal building design principles. (1960, March). Architectural Record.Google Scholar
  41. Projected Airport by Fellheimer & Wagner Architects, L.L. Odell Aviation Consultant. (1940, August). Architectural Forum, pp. 85–87.Google Scholar
  42. Prokosch, W. (1951, January). Airport design: Its architectural aspects (Architectural Record’s Building Types Study, Number 170). Architectural Record.Google Scholar
  43. Riley, A. A. (1962, November 25). At last—An airport that’s easy on the feet. Science in Industry,.Google Scholar
  44. Rosenberg, N. (1994). Exploring the black box: Technology, economics and history. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Ruark, R. C. (1961, May 2). The airport dilemma. New York World Telegram.Google Scholar
  46. Scott, J. C. (1998). Seeing like a state: How certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed. New Haven, CT and London, UK: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Smith, Hinchman & Grylls, Inc., Architects and Engineers. (1947, October). Establishing an airport planning program. Architectural Record, pp. 90–94.Google Scholar
  48. Sutton, H. (1962). New job: Bustronaut. Travel Notes.Google Scholar
  49. Szurovy, G. (2003). The American airport. St. Paul, MN: MBI.Google Scholar
  50. Temko, A. (1962). Eero Saarinen. New York, NY: George Braziller.Google Scholar
  51. Thompson, C. (1962, September 1). The AOPA airport letter. Washington, DC: Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association.Google Scholar
  52. Time study—Mobile lounge, Kodak color patch. (1959). Saarinen Archive. Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.Google Scholar
  53. Unique mobile lounges: Dulles National Airport makes hit with travelers. (1962, December 10). St.Louis Globe–Democrat.Google Scholar
  54. U.S. Civil Aeronautics Administration. (1953, April). Airport terminal buildings. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.Google Scholar
  55. The U.S. President’s Airport Commission. (1958). The airport and its neighbors. Report of the U.S. President’s Airport Commission. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  56. Vincenti, W. G. (1976). What engineers know and how they know it: Analytical studies of aeronautical history. Baltimore, MD and London, UK: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Washington National Airport. (1941, October). Architectural Record, 90(4).Google Scholar
  58. Work Projects Administration. (1938). A detailed description of the great air terminal. New York Municipal Airport. I.T.S. Library University of California at Berkeley.Google Scholar
  59. You ride to plane in mobile lounge. (1962, November). Sunday Star. Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations