A Gossamer of Words

  • V. Srinivasa ChakravarthyEmail author


It is customary in a book on brain to defer a discussion of language and its substrates in the brain to one of the later chapters. But interestingly modern neurology began in 1861, when the noted French neurologist Paul Broca discovered that damage to a certain part of the brain is accompanied with impairment in speech. It is perhaps the first instance in the history of neurology when the link between a mental function and its corresponding “seat” in the brain is clearly established. Broca’s work actually began as a reaction to the wild claims of Franz Gall, the founder of a pseudoscience known as phrenology. Phrenologists claimed that a person’s character can be read off the bumps on the head (see Chap.  1).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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