Analytical Study on Disintegration of Concrete

  • Raja Sekhar MamillapalliEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 25)


Making of concrete has been an easy process with the new construction chemicals evolving. But breaking the same concrete is a challenge. Reasons may be due to the major focus of researchers and industry focusing only making which is half of the life cycle of any product. This raised a great challenge to the construction industry by utilizing the virgin materials instead of reusing the scrap as it does not suit the requirements. Present methods of breaking concrete, i.e., drilling, chiseling, hammering, high-pressure water blasting explosives, etc., are not giving the material in a form that is good for reuse in concrete making. Concrete consists of aggregates which are approximately in 70% volume can be retained to recycle and reuse if the mechanism is scientifically rather than that of mechanical. This paper focuses on the possibility of disintegrating concrete by analytically exploring concrete chemistry. Calcium, silicate, hydrate (C–S–H) bond which binds the constituent materials is to be weakened to disintegrate concrete. Earlier studies on chemical attack on concrete state that the effect is visible and is progressive. An attempt is made in this study to understand that C–S–H bond can be weakened intentionally at a pace rather than that of its own. Chemical and biological agent’s effect on the bond is to be envisaged. Results of the analytical studies will open up a new dimension in the reverse engineering in concrete technology.


Recycling Disintegration CSH bond Chemical attack Breaking of concrete 


  1. 1.
    Williams, G. M. (1929, November). Disintegration of concrete. Journal Proceedings, 26, 41–56.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gutberlet, T., Hilbig, H., & Beddoe, R. E. (2015). Acid attack on hydrated cement—Effect of mineral acids on the degradation process. Cement and Concrete Research, 74, 35–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Uenishi, K., Shigeno, N., Sakaguchi, S., Yamachi, H., & Nakamori, J. (2016). Controlled disintegration of reinforced concrete blocks based on wave and fracture dynamics. Procedia Structural Integrity, 2, 350–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nielsen, J., & Skougaard, P. (1962). Effects of soft water containing carbonic acid on concrete pipes (vol. 6, pp. 235–246). Stockholm: Nordisk Betong.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Woods, H. (1968). Durability of concrete construction (pp. 134–135). Ames, Iowa: Published jointly by American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan, and Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kurumisawa, K., Nawa, T., Owada, H., & Shibata, M. (2013). Deteriorated hardened cement paste structure analyzed by XPS and 29 Si NMR techniques. Cement and Concrete Research, 52, 190–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mendoza, O., Giraldo, C., Camargo, S. S., & Tobón, J. I. (2015). Structural and nano-mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) formed from alite hydration in the presence of sodium and potassium hydroxide. Cement and Concrete Research, 74, 88–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ACI Committee 515. (1966, December). Guide for the protection of concrete against chemical attack by means of coatings and other corrosion-resistant materials. ACI Journal, Proceedings, 63(12), 1305–1392.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kar, A., Ray, I., Unnikrishnan, A., & Davalos, J. F. (2012). Estimation of C-S-H and calcium hydroxide for cement pastes containing slag and silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, 30, 505–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kar, A., Ray, I., Unnikrishnan, A., & Davalos, J. F. (2012). Microanalysis and optimization-based estimation of C-S-H contents of cementitious systems containing fly ash and silica fume. Cement & Concrete Composites, 34(3), 419–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Foley, E. M., Kim, J. J., & Taha, M. R. (2012). Synthesis and nano-mechanical characterization of calcium-silicate-hydrate (CSH) made with 1.5 CaO/SiO2 mixture. Cement and Concrete Research, 42(9), 1225–1232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baston, G. M. N., Clacher, A. P., Heath, T. G., Hunter, F. M. I., Smith, V., & Swanton, S. W. (2012). Calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel dissolution and pH buffering in a cementitious near field. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(8), 3045–3053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Noor-ul-Amin, Alam, S., Gul, S., & Muhammad, K. Hydration mechanism of tricalcium silicate (alite). Advances in Cement Research, 25(2), 60–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bullard, J. W., Jennings, H. M., Livingston, R. A., Nonat, A., Scherer, G. W., Schweitzer, J. S., et al. (2011). Mechanisms of cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Research, 41(12), 1208–1223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Santhanam, M. (2013). Magnesium attack of cementitious materials in marine environments. In Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments (pp. 75–90). Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NICMARHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations