Spaces of Deflection and Deportability Beyond Anti-trafficking
In this chapter I turn to explicitly engage with the key question raised in the book: why do so few of these exploited migrant workers in Singapore attain protection or redress through the provisions of Singapore’s emerging anti-trafficking infrastructure? Given that internationally accepted characterisations and indicators of human trafficking, such as those developed by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UNGIFT), provide a ready fit to many of the migrants whose experiences were laid out in Chaps. 5 and 6, this emerges as a highly relevant question. As I will argue in this chapter, exploited migrant labourers who may well have claims as victims of trafficking within Singapore are disqualified or excluded at various stages of anti-trafficking interventions. In this chapter I focus particularly on exclusion through the application of what I refer to as ‘legal-jurisdictional exceptionalism’, which may be understood as the disqualification of victims through invocation and manipulation of legal-spatial demarcations, particularly external borders and internal boundaries.
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