The Emergence of a New Model? Trajectories of Civil Service Development in the Former Soviet Union Countries

  • Alikhan Baimenov
  • Saltanat Janenova


This chapter provides an analysis of the main trends in the development of the civil service systems in the transitional countries of the post-Soviet region. Since gaining independence in 1991, the governments of the newly independent states began to modernise their civil service systems in a rapidly changing political, social and economic context; the rapid penetration of the Internet and information technologies; and the increasing demands of citizens. In doing so, it also pays particular attention to the important role played by international development organisations in the process of establishing and developing the civil service systems in post-Soviet countries. Furthermore, the chapter discusses the similarities in the direction and content of civil service reforms in the countries of the region, as well as the significant differences among them, in terms of the depth and breadth of reform coverage, the speed of change and the quality of governance attained. It employs a comparative perspective looking at the legislative bases of the civil service systems, selection and hiring issues, career advancement and training and ethics of civil servants, in each of the countries considered. The authors reflect on the emergence of a new model of public sector reforms specific to the post-Soviet transition countries, which embraces a peer-to-peer learning approach and exchange of knowledge.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alikhan Baimenov
    • 1
  • Saltanat Janenova
    • 2
  1. 1.Astana Civil Service HubAstanaKazakhstan
  2. 2.Nazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan

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