Inductive Coding

  • Yanto Chandra
  • Liang Shang


The most important function of any CAQDAS platform including RQDA is the coding function. Coding assigns a meaning to a small body of text (e.g., a specific word or lexical item, a sentence, a phrase or paragraph) using a label (usually one to a few words, such as Used_digital_technology or Formed_a_peer_support_group) that best represents the text. RQDA allows inductive and deductive coding, and its operation is intuitive. Our focus here is consistent with the Gioia approach to inductive coding. In RQDA, coding is quite simple and intuitive. This chapter discusses the inductive coding process in qualitative research and how to do so in RQDA. First, we briefly introduce the concepts of inductive and deductive coding and how they differ. Then we provide detailed instructions on the inductive coding process in RQDA by analyzing the data from our sample project, SI Strategies and Impacts in the Healthcare Sector, as an illustration.


Inductive coding Deductive coding Code labels Codes First-order codes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanto Chandra
    • 1
  • Liang Shang
    • 2
  1. 1.The Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.City University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong

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