Tactics and Risk Under Conditions of Multi-stage Migration to Australia
This chapter provides a detailed examination of the narratives of two Venezuelan migrants who engaged in multi-stage migration practices in order to seek long-term living options in Australia. I show how they deploy a range of tactics to negotiate risk and uncertainty under the spatial, temporal and institutional conditions of temporary migration by moving to regional areas, drawing on friendship networks and continuously responding to changing ‘in-demand’ skills lists and shifting migration policy. I argue that time spent on temporary visas is actively and intentionally used by migrants to create future migration possibilities and security for themselves when there is an unknowability of migration outcomes. Temporary migrants are moved through policies designed to meet the needs of global capital and skills shortages but they are also reasoning individuals who tactically pursue opportunities, put down roots and continually evaluate and readjust their plans and fall back positions, even within a relatively limited range of choices.
KeywordsStudent-migrants Skilled migration Multi-stage migration Risk Friendship Australia
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