Labour Law and the State’s Management of Labour Relations in Vietnam
This chapter provides background information about the labour law regime, which is necessary for an understanding of the relationship between law and labour resistance in Vietnam. It outlines the development and significance of the Vietnamese Labour Code in the regulation of industrial relations in Vietnam. Second, it discusses key aspects of the Labour Code that concern key workers’ rights and benefits, workplace relationships, and the types and resolution of labour disputes. The next section addresses the state’s approach towards law and labour regulation over the past few decades, taking the example of strike settlement and strike prevention in the field site of Đông Nai Province, and outlines the development of the union’s legal aid activities and their objectives in relation to workers’ rights protection.
- Department of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (2011). Report on the situation of labour disputes, strikes and measures to prevent and resolve labour disputes and strikes in Đồng Nai.Google Scholar
- Do, H. H. (2016). The Dynamics of Legal Transplantation Regulating Industrial Conflicts in Post-Đổi Mới Vietnam. Unpublished PhD thesis. The University of Melbourne, Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Do, Q. C. (2011). Understanding Industrial Relations Transformation in Vietnam: A Multi-Dimensional Analysis. Unpublished PhD thesis. The University of Sydney, Sydney.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2009). Decree 13/NQ-CP on the directions and measures for attracting and managing foreign direct investment in the future.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2013a). Decree 182/2013/ND-CP on regulations of the regional minimum wages for employees working in enterprises, cooperatives, group work, farms, households, as individuals, and in organizations and agencies that employ labour according to the labour contract.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2013b). Decree 49/2013/ND-CP on detailed regulations of implementing some articles of the Labour Code on wages.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2013c). Decree 60/2013/ND-CP on detailed regulations of Clause 3, Article 63 of the Labour Code on grassroots democracy mechanism at workplaces.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2014a). Decree 103/2014/ND-CP on regulations of the regional minimum wages for employees working in enterprises, cooperatives, group work, farms, households, as individuals, and in organizations and agencies that employ labour according to the labour contract.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2014b). Decree 119/2014/ND-CP on detailed regulations of some articles relating to complaints and denunciations of the Labour Code, Law on Apprenticeship, and Law on Vietnamese employees working overseas.Google Scholar
- Government of Vietnam (2015). Decree 05/2015/ND-CP on detailed regulations and implementation guidelines relating to some contents of the Labour Code, Hà Nội.Google Scholar
- International Labour Organization, n.d.-a, Ratifications for Vietnam. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:11200:0::NO::P11200_COUNTRY_ID:103004. Accessed 24th June 2016.
- International Labour Organization, n.d.-b, Up-to-date Conventions and Protocols not ratified by Vietnam. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:11210:0::NO:11210:P11210_COUNTRY_ID:103004. Accessed 24th June 2016.
- Lao Động (1/11/2015). Sáng nay, báo Lao Động tổ chức Ngày hội tư vấn, giải đáp pháp luật cho ngưới lao động. https://laodong.vn/cong-doan/sang-nay-bao-lao-dong-to-chuc-ngay-hoi-tu-van-giai-dap-phap-luat-cho-nguoi-lao-dong-392395.bld. Accessed 19th December 2017.
- Lao Động (10/1/2016a). Ngày 10.1, Báo Lao Động tổ chức ngày hội tư vấn và giải đáp pháp luật cho NLĐ: Công nhân lao động hiểu luật để tư bảo vệ mình. https://laodong.vn/cong-doan/ngay-101-bao-lao-dong-to-chuc-ngay-hoi-tu-van-va-giai-dap-phap-luat-cho-nld-cong-nhan-lao-dong-hieu-luat-de-tu-bao-ve-minh-414139.bld. Accessed 19th December 2017.
- Lao Động (20/3/2016b). Ngày hội tư vấn, giải đáp pháp luật cho ngưới lao động tại Đồng Nai. https://laodong.vn/cong-doan/ngay-hoi-tu-van-giai-dap-phap-luat-cho-nguoi-lao-dong-tai-dong-nai-530743.bld. Accessed 19th December 2017.
- Lao Động (26/7/2013). Vì sao hơn 5.000 cuộc đình công không do công đoàn lãnh đạo. https://laodong.vn/cong-doan/vi-sao-hon-5000-cuoc-dinh-cong-khong-do-cong-doan-lanh-dao-129494.bld. Accessed 24th June 2016.
- Lao Động (31/7/2014). Chủ tịch Tổng LĐLĐVN Đặng Ngọc Tùng: Lương tối thiểu vùng I năm 2015 cần đạt 3,4 triệu đồng/ngưới/tháng. http://laodong.com.vn/cong-doan/chu-tich-tong-ldldvn-dang-ngoc-tung-luong-toi-thieu-vung-i-nam-2015-can-dat-34-trieu-dongnguoithang-229651.bld. Accessed 24th June 2016.
- National Assembly of Vietnam 1994 & 2012, Bộ Luật Lao Động [Labour Code].Google Scholar
- Nicholson, P. (2002). Vietnam’s Labour Market: Transition and the Role of Law. In S. Cooney, T. Lindsey, R. Mitchell & Y. Zhu (eds.). Law and Labour Market Regulation in East Asia. London & New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Prime Minister of Vietnam (2009). Decision 31/2009/QĐ-TTg on approving the plan of propagating and communicating law for employees and employers in enterprises from 2009–2012.Google Scholar
- The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1997). Resolution 03/NQ-HNTW at the 3rd National Convention on promoting citizens’ right to autonomy and continuing to develop the transparent and strong state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.Google Scholar
- The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (2008a). Directive 22-CT/TW on intensifying leadership and guidance on developing harmonious, stable and progressive labour relations.Google Scholar
- The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (2008b). Resolution 20-NQ/TW at the 6th National Convention on continuing to develop Vietnamese working class in the modernisation and industrialisation era.Google Scholar
- The People’s Committee of Đồng Nai province (2009). Decision 22/2009/QD-UBND issuing cooperative mechanism for resolving collective labour disputes that do not follow the legal procedures and paperwork at enterprises in Đồng Nai.Google Scholar
- Trần, A. N. (2013). Ties that Bind: Cultural Identity, Class, and Law in Vietnam’s Labor Resistance. Ithaca: Cornell Southeast Asia Program Publications.Google Scholar
- Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (2004). Decision 785/2004/QD-TLD on the organisation and activities of the union’ legal aid.Google Scholar
- Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (2010). Decree 04/NQ-TLD on reforming and enhancing the quality of legal aid activities of the union organisation in the new era.Google Scholar
- Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (2014). Decree 04b/NQ-TLĐ on enhancing the effectiveness of legal communication and education for workers and employees in the new era.Google Scholar