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Genetic Transformation and Transgenics of Jatropha curcas, a Biofuel Plant

  • Qiantang Fu
  • Yan-Bin Tao
  • Zeng-Fu XuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Jatropha curcas is considered as a potential biodiesel feedstock plant. To date, however, it remains a semi-wild species. Transgenic modification is one of the most effective and rapid approaches to accelerate its breeding process. Various methods of genetic transformation, such as Agrobacterium- and particle bombardment-mediated transformation, have been attempted and improved over the past 10 years. This chapter presents a comprehensive account of the influence of several important factors on the genetic transformation of Jatropha. It also introduces studies on transgenic Jatropha involving functional genes for novel agronomic traits, including plant morphology, flowering time, seed development, seed oil content, oil composition and yield, as well as biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. Moreover, improvements in genetic transformation and the completion of genomic sequencing analysis give Jatropha the potential to become a new model species for studies on gene function and genetic improvement in woody plants.

Keywords

Explants Jatropha curcas Selective agent Transformation efficiency Transgenic plant 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31300568 and 31771605), the Plant Germplasm Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS, kfj-brsn-2018-6-008), and the CAS 135 program (2017XTBG-T02). The authors gratefully acknowledge the Central Laboratory of the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden for providing research facilities.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Plant Resources and Sustainable UseXishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of SciencesMenglaChina

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