Status of Membrane Asymmetry in Erythrocytes: Role of Spectrin
Spectrin-based proteinaceous membrane skeletal network has been found to be implicated in membrane disorders like hereditary spherocytosis (HS). HS greatly affects eryptosis via loss of membrane asymmetry which is seen to be the case in haemoglobin disorders like thalassemia and sickle cell disease as well. The biological implications of the status of membrane asymmetry are strongly correlated to spectrin interactions with aminophospholipids, e.g. PE and PS. Fluorescence and X-ray reflectivity (XRR) measurements of spectrin interactions with small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) and cushioned bilayers of phospholipids, respectively, were studied. Both the XRR and fluorescence measurements led to the characterization of spectrin orientation on the surface of lipid bilayer of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and PC/aminophospholipid mixed membrane systems showing formation of a uniform layer of spectrin on top of the mixed phospholipid bilayer. Fluorescence studies show that spectrin interacts with PC and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)/phosphatidylserine (PS) membranes with binding dissociation constants (Kd) in the nanomolar range indicating the role of spectrin in the maintenance of the overall membrane asymmetry of erythrocytes.
KeywordsSpectrin Membrane asymmetry Lipid-protein interaction Membrane skeleton
Small unilamellar vesicles
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