The Evolution of Taiwan’s Policy toward Mainland China Since Late 1980s
At the end of World War II, Japanese Emperor Hirohito officially capitulated to the Allies in August 1945, and the official surrender was signed on 2 September aboard a US warship. Two days later, the Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) government issued a statement noting that Japan’s unconditional surrender meant the return of Taiwan and the Penghu Islands to China. On 9 September, the Chinese army accepted the surrender of the Japanese army in Nanjing, and that same evening, then commander of the Japanese army in China ordered all Japanese troops in Chinese territories, including Taiwan and the Penghu Islands, to surrender to the KMT government. Within this context, the KMT army arrived in Taiwan in October 1945 and held a ceremony in acceptance of Japanese surrender on the 25th of that month. After the ceremony, Chinese officials formally announced that Taiwan and the Penghu Islands were to be China’s territory again, and all the lands and people would be under the Republic of China (ROC) government’s sovereignty. From that point on, more KMT army and civil servants were sent to Taiwan.