The Changing Institutional Space Regarding Roles and Behavior of Village Leaders: An Evolution from Villagers’ Autonomy to the Power List
The rural society in China has undergone dramatic changes in the past four decades since the implementation of reform and opening-up. These changes are reflected in width, depth, and disparity. Width refers to the fact that they cover a wide range of aspects, such as politics, economy, society, culture, and mentality. Depth refers to the fact that a suite of factors, including the market economy, industrialization, urbanization, population flow, and the Internet, alter the way that villagers make a living and the physical configuration of rural areas in a fundamental manner. Disparity refers to the fact that changes in width and depth display a degree of differences in speed and pattern in different areas as well as the structural difference in the process of resource reallocation (many villages may well vanish on the horizon).
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