The Development and Prospects of Business Association Since 1978

  • Jun Zhou
  • Xiaocui Zhao


A wide variety of nonprofit organizations mushroomed during the global “associational revolution” in the 1970s and 1980s (Salarmon et al. 2002, p. 4) and China was no exception. Since China’s reform and opening up in 1978, its government has gradually loosened the control over the society, allowing some civil society organizations to develop under its supervision. Under such circumstances, business associations revived along with the booming economy in China and grew into a force in civil society that could not be ignored. Their influence over Chinese economic development, industry, and market governance, and even social governance, is increasing. Therefore, it makes great sense to look back and study the history of business associations in China—right from the start of reform and opening up—understand the background, and locate the impetus of their development, as it will no doubt inform us about the relationship between China’s social organizations and the government.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiaocui Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.Public Administration SchoolEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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