Studies on Increasing Specific Calorific Value of Producer Gas in Auto-gasification of Wooden Pallets by Steam Injection

  • G. PrabakaranEmail author
  • S. Mathiyazhagan
  • C. V. Dinesh Kumar
  • N. Gunaseelan
  • V. Kirubakaran
Conference paper


Gasification is a viable method for converting solid combustibles into gaseous fuel. Auto-gasification is a technique of converting solid combustible into gaseous fuel by bio-oxygen. During auto-gasification, the influence of nitrogen is reduced drastically. This paper further attempts to increase the specific calorific value of admitting steam in the gasification process. This increases the level of hydrogen and reduces the tar formation. The thermal degradation study has been carried out using muffle furnace. Also, the fractural mechanism study on wooden pallets has been evaluated.


Gasification Auto-gasification Bio-oxygen Calorific value Thermal degradation 



The authors gratefully acknowledge UGC for funding the M.Tech. Renewable Energy under Innovative Programme Scheme.


  1. 1.
    Sharma AK (2008) Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of char reduction reactions in a downdraft biomass gasifier: a comparison. Sol Energy 82:918–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Na JI, Park SJ, Kim YK, Lee JG, Kim JH (2003) Characteristics of oxygen-blown gasification for combustible waste in a fixed-bed gasifier. Appl Energy 75:275–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    lle Collot A-G (2006) Matching gasification technologies to coal properties. Int J Coal Geol 65:191–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Subbarayudu K (2002) Liquid fuels from thermochemical conversion of biomass. PhD thesis. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guangul FM, Sulaiman SA, Ramli A (2012) Gasifier selection, design and gasification of oil palm fronds with preheated and unheated gasifying air. Bioresource Technol 126:224–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gokon N, Izawa T, Kodama T (2014) Steam gasification of coal cokes by internally circulating fluidized-bed reactor by concentrated Xe-light radiation for solar syngas production. Energy 1–9Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bhavanam A, Sastry RC (2011) Biomass gasification processes in downdraft fixed bed reactors: a review. Int J Chem Eng Appl 2(6):425–433Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bridgwater AV (2003) Renewable fuels and chemicals by thermal processing of biomass. Chem Eng J 91:87–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang L, Weller CL, Jones DD, Hanna MA (2008) Contemporary issues in thermal gasification of biomass and its application to electricity and fuel production. Biomass Bioenerg 32:573–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martínez JD, Mahkamov K, Andrade, Electo E. Silva Lora. Syngas production in downdraft biomass gasifier and its application using internal combustion engines. Renewable Energy 38 (2012) 1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hernández JJ, Aranda-Almansa G, Bula A (2010) Gasification of biomass wastes in an entrained flow gasifier: Effect of the particle size and the residence time. Fuel Process Technol 91:681–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rapagna S, Latif A (1997) Steam gasification fluidised of almond bed reactor: temperature and sheels influence in a of size on product distribution. PIH S0961-9534(96)00079-7Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yan F, Zhang L, Hu Z, Cheng G, Jiang C, Zhang Y, Xu T, He P, Luo S, Xiao B (2010) Hydrogen-rich gas production by steam gasification of char derived from cyanobacterial blooms (CDCB) in a fixed-bed reactor: influence of particle size and residence time on gas yield and syngas composition. Int J Hydrogen Energy 35:10212–10217CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Prabakaran
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Mathiyazhagan
    • 1
  • C. V. Dinesh Kumar
    • 1
  • N. Gunaseelan
    • 1
  • V. Kirubakaran
    • 1
  1. 1.Rural Energy CentreThe Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed UniversityDindigulIndia

Personalised recommendations