Anaerobic Digestion Potential of Leaf Litter: Degradability and Gas Production Relationships

  • D. Ravi Kumar
  • H. N. ChanakyaEmail author
  • S. Dasappa
Conference paper


Leaf litter occupies a major fraction of decentralised point source organic fraction of the municipal solid waste. Leaves can be either succulent easily degradable or recalcitrant. Literature has shown studies with leaves or leafy biomass feedstock. It is, therefore, necessary to study the different types of leaves to understand their extent and rate of decomposition (biogas production). This study focuses on five leafy biomass which has shorter growth period as a source of leaf litter. Two predominant patterns can be seen, (1) with gas production ranging between 200 and 250 ml/gVS and (2) with low gas production and lower methane content (90–120 ml/gVS). Gompertz model shows cases with higher gas production rates with longer lag phases and case with no lag phase and low specific gas production rates. So, a clear understanding that delves into structural components of leafy biomass is needed.


  1. 1.
    Sateesh Kumar R, Chanakya HN, Ramachandra TV (2001) Feasible solid waste management, CES Tech. Report No 86, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore, p 145Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mehta N, Dinakaran J, Patel S, Laskar AH, Yadava MG, Ramesh R (2013) Changes in litter decomposition and soil organic carbon in a reforested tropical deciduous cover (India). Ecol Res 28:239–248. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jagadish KS, Chanakya HN, Rajabapaiah P, Anand V (1998) Plug flow digestors for biogas generation from leaf biomass. Biomass Bioenerg 14:415–423. Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chanakya HN, Srikumar KG, Anand V, Modak J, Jagadish KS (1999) Fermentation properties of agro-residues, leaf biomass and urban market garbage in a solid phase biogas fermenter. Biomass Bioenerg 16:417–429. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chanakya HN, Venkatsubramaniyam R, Modak J (1997) Fermentation and methanogenic characteristics of leafy biomass feedstocks in a solid phase biogas fermentor. Bioresour Technol 62:71–78. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hashimoto AG (1982) Effect of inoculum/substrate ratio on methane yield and production rate from straw. Biotechnol Bioeng 24:9–23. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davis ML, Mounteer LC, Stevens LK, Miller CD (2012) 2D motility tracking of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 in growth phases using video microscopy 111:605–11.
  8. 8.
    Chanakya HN, Sharma I, Ramachandra TV (2009) Micro-scale anaerobic digestion of point source components of organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Waste Manag 29:1306–1312. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vavilin VA, Rytov SV, Lokshina LY (1996) A description of hydrolysis kinetics in anaerobic degradation of particulate organic matter. Bioresour Technol 56:229–237. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chanakya HN, Sreesha M (2012) Anaerobic retting of banana and arecanut wastes in a plug flow digester for recovery of fiber, biogas and compost. Energy Sustain Dev 16:231–235. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Sustainable Technologies (Formerly ASTRA), Indian Institute of ScienceBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations